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Perinatal insults program sex differences in blood pressure, with males more susceptible than females. Aging may augment developmental programming of chronic disease, but the mechanisms involved are not clear. We previously reported that female growth-restricted offspring are normotensive after puberty. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that age increases(More)
Female growth-restricted offspring are normotensive in adulthood. However, ovariectomy induces a marked increase in mean arterial pressure (MAP) that is abolished by renin angiotensin system (RAS) blockade, suggesting RAS involvement in the etiology of hypertension induced by ovariectomy in adult female growth-restricted offspring. Blockade of the RAS also(More)
The Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) proposes that adverse events during early life program an increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Experimental models provide proof of concept but also indicate that insults during early life program sex differences in adult blood pressure and cardiovascular risk. This review will highlight the(More)
C ardiovascular (CV) disease is the leading cause of death in women over the age of 50. Risk factors related to the increase in CV disease after transition into menopause include an increase in abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance , and hypertension. 1 Recent studies indicate that a history of preeclampsia increases future CV risk. 2–4 Based(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of metabolic disease increases in early menopause. Low birth weight influences the age at menopause. Thus, this study tested the hypothesis that intrauterine growth restriction programs early reproductive aging and impaired glucose homeostasis in female rats. METHODS Estrous cyclicity, body composition, and glucose homeostasis(More)
The renal endothelin system contributes to sex differences in blood pressure with males demonstrating greater endothelin type-A receptor-mediated responses relative to females. Intrauterine growth restriction programs hypertension and enhance renal sensitivity to acute angiotensin II in male growth-restricted rats. Endothelin is reported to work(More)
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