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We tested the hypothesis that asthmatic mouse airways exhibit impaired relaxation to NO donors. Mouse tracheal rings were incubated overnight in serum from asthmatic human subjects or from nonasthmatic controls. The next day, cumulative concentration-response curves (CCRC) to sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and nitroglycerine (NTG) were obtained. Both SNP and(More)
Perinatal insults program sex differences in blood pressure, with males more susceptible than females. Aging may augment developmental programming of chronic disease, but the mechanisms involved are not clear. We previously reported that female growth-restricted offspring are normotensive after puberty. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that age increases(More)
There is compelling epidemiological and experimental data that suggest that blood pressure in later life can be programmed by adverse influences during fetal life.1 Evidence for the theory of developmental programming of adult health and disease was first based on the geographical association of deaths from heart disease to death rates among newborn(More)
Despite preeclampsia being one of the leading causes of maternal death and a major contributor of maternal and perinatal morbidity, the mechanisms responsible for its pathogenesis have yet to be fully elucidated. Growing evidence indicates that reduced uteroplacental perfusion and the resulting placental ischemia triggers the cascade of events leading to(More)
Low birth weight serves as a crude proxy for impaired growth during fetal life and indicates a failure for the fetus to achieve its full growth potential. Low birth weight can occur in response to numerous etiologies that include complications during pregnancy, poor prenatal care, parental smoking, maternal alcohol consumption, or stress. Numerous(More)
Female growth-restricted offspring are normotensive in adulthood. However, ovariectomy induces a marked increase in mean arterial pressure (MAP) that is abolished by renin angiotensin system (RAS) blockade, suggesting RAS involvement in the etiology of hypertension induced by ovariectomy in adult female growth-restricted offspring. Blockade of the RAS also(More)
The Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) proposes that adverse events during early life program an increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Experimental models provide proof of concept but also indicate that insults during early life program sex differences in adult blood pressure and cardiovascular risk. This review will highlight the(More)
Phytoestrogens have been implicated as promising therapeutic agents to treat the vascular impairment seen in menopausal women. The present study investigated the long-term effects of phytoestrogens from Curcuma comosa Roxb. on vascular relaxation of isolated thoracic aorta from ovariectomized (OVX) rats. Treatment of OVX rats for 12 weeks with C. comosa(More)
Experimental models of developmental programming provide proof of concept and support Barker's original findings that link birthweight and blood pressure. Many experimental models of developmental insult demonstrate a sex difference with male offspring exhibiting a higher blood pressure in young adulthood relative to their age-matched female counterparts.(More)
Pregnancy complications such as preeclampsia and diabetes affect approximately 5 to 10 % of all pregnancies and compromise maternal and fetal health during gestation. Complications during pregnancy may also contribute to the development of hypertension and future cardiovascular risk in the mother. Moreover, fetal exposure to hypertension and diabetes during(More)