Sutherland K. Maciver

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Actophorin is an abundant 15-kD actinbinding protein from Acanthamoeba that is thought to form a nonpolymerizable complex with actin monomers and also to reduce the viscosity of polymerized actin by severing filaments (Cooper et al., 1986. J. Biol. Chem. 261:477-485). Homologous proteins have been identified in sea urchin, chicken, and mammalian tissues.(More)
The actin filament severing protein, Acanthamoeba actophorin, decreases the viscosity of actin filaments, but increases the stiffness and viscosity of mixtures of actin filaments and the crosslinking protein alpha-actinin. The explanation of this paradox is that in the presence of both the severing protein and crosslinker the actin filaments aggregate into(More)
The ADF/cofilins are a family of actin-binding proteins expressed in all eukaryotic cells so far examined. Members of this family remodel the actin cytoskeleton, for example during cytokinesis, when the actin-rich contractile ring shrinks as it contracts through the interaction of ADF/cofilins with both monomeric and filamentous actin. The depolymerizing(More)
The ADF/cofilins are a family of actin-binding proteins expressed in all eukaryotic cells so far examined. Members of this family remodel the actin cytoskeleton, for example during cytokinesis, when the actin-rich contractile ring shrinks as it contracts through the interaction of ADF/cofilins with both monomeric and filamentous actin. The depolymerizing(More)
Hirano bodies are intracellular, paracrystalline, rod-like structures which contain actin, tropomyosin, vinculin, alpha-actinin, amyloid beta-protein precursor and several microtubule associated proteins (MAPs). These bodies are observed more frequently in the elderly and in a number of neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease. Many of the(More)
We determined the amino acid sequence of the actin monomer binding/actin filament severing protein actophorin from Acanthamoeba castellanii by automated Edman degradation of peptide fragments and by sequencing of full-length cDNA. Actophorin consists of 138 amino acids (calculated molecular weight of 15,543) and shares a high degree of sequence similarity(More)
ADF/cofilins are actin binding proteins that bind actin close to both the N- and C-termini (site 1), and we have found a second cofilin binding site (site 2) centered around helix 112-125 [Renoult, C., Ternent, D., Maciver, S.K., Fattoum, A., Astier, C., Benyamin, Y. & Roustan, C. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274, 28893-28899]. We proposed a model in which(More)
A marked pH-dependent interaction with F-actin is an important property of typical members of the actin depolymerizing factor (ADF)/cofilin family of abundant actin-binding proteins. ADF/cofilins tend to bind to F-actin with a ratio of 1 : 1 at pH values around 6.5, and to G-actin at pH 8.0. We have investigated the mechanism for the pH-sensitivity. We(More)
Gelsolin is a cytoskeletal protein which participates in actin filament dynamics and promotes cell motility and plasticity. Although initially regarded as a tumor suppressor, gelsolin expression in certain tumors correlates with poor prognosis and therapy-resistance. In vitro, gelsolin has anti-apoptotic and pro-migratory functions and is critical for(More)
Balamuthia mandrillaris is an opportunistic free-living amoeba that has been reported to cause skin lesions and the fatal Balamuthia amoebic encephalitis (BAE) in humans and other animals. Currently, around 200 human BAE cases have been reported worldwide, although this number is considered to be underestimated. The highest number of BAE cases has been(More)