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A new tyrosine-derived metabolite, aspergillusol A (4), was isolated on a gram scale, together with a methyl ester of 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvic acid oxime (5) and secalonic acid A, from the marine-derived fungus Aspergillus aculeatus CRI323-04. The tetraol in 4 was identified as erythritol by comparison of the 1H NMR spectrum of its benzoylated derivative with(More)
3-Nitropropionic acid (3-NPA, 1) was found in extracts of several strains of endophytic fungi. 3-NPA (1) exhibited potent antimycobacterial activity with the minimum inhibition concentration of 3.3 microM, but was inactive against NCI-H187, BC, KB, and Vero cell lines. Endophytes were found to produce high levels of 3-NPA (1), and therefore 3-NPA (1)(More)
A phytase gene was cloned from Neosartorya spinosa BCC 41923. The gene was 1,455 bp in size, and the mature protein contained a polypeptide of 439 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence contains the consensus motif (RHGXRXP) which is conserved among phytases and acid phosphatases. Five possible disulfide bonds and seven potential N-glycosylation sites(More)
Cells produce proteases as inactive zymogens. Here, we demonstrate that this tactic can extend beyond proteases. By linking the N and C termini of ribonuclease A, we obstruct the active site with the amino acid sequence recognized by plasmepsin II, a highly specific protease from Plasmodium falciparum. We generate new N and C termini by circular(More)
Five new hybrid peptide-polyketides, curvularides A-E (1-5), were isolated from the endophytic fungus Curvularia geniculata, which was obtained from the limbs of Catunaregam tomentosa. Structure elucidation for curvularides A-E (1-5) was accomplished by analysis of spectroscopic data, as well as by single-crystal X-ray crystallography. Curvularide B (2)(More)
Bacillus subtilis BCC41051 producing a thermostable β-mannanase was isolated from soybean meal-enriched soil and was unexpectedly found to be thermophilic in nature. The extracellular β-mannanase (ManA) produced was hydrophilic, as it was not precipitated even with ammonium sulfate at 80% saturation. The estimated molecular weight of ManA was 38.0 kDa by(More)
Three novel dihydroisocoumarin derivatives (1-3) with antimalarial, antituberculous, and antifungal activities have been isolated by bioassay-guided fractionation from an endophytic fungus, Geotrichum sp., collected from Crassocephalum crepidioides. Structures were established as 7-butyl-6,8-dihydroxy-3(R)-pent-11-enylisochroman-1-one (1),(More)
Mycoepoxydiene ( 1) and derivatives, deacetylmycoepoxydiene ( 2) and 2,3-dihydromycoepoxydiene ( 3), were isolated from a broth extract of the endophytic fungus, phomopsis sp., which was isolated from a Thai medicinal plant, Hydnocarpus anthelminthicus. Compounds 1 and 2 exhibited potent cytotoxic activity, while a dihydro derivative 3 was inactive. The(More)
Three metabolites, pre-aurantiamine (1), (-)-9-hydroxyhexylitaconic acid (4) and (-)-9-hydroxyhexylitaconic acid-4-methyl ester (5), together with two known compounds, paraherquamide E (6) and secalonic acid D (7), were isolated from the marine-derived fungus, Aspergillus aculeatus.
The endophytic mitosporic Dothideomycete sp. LRUB20 was found to produce pyrone derivatives, dothideopyrones A-D (1, 3, 4, and 5), together with seven known compounds, including questin (9), asterric acid (10), methyl asterrate (11), sulochrin (12), and eugenitin (13), 6-hydroxymethyleugenitin (14), and cis, trans-muconic acid (15). Dothideopyrone D (5) and(More)