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Primary osteoarthritis of the ankle with no history of trauma is rare. We report the use of a low tibial osteotomy on 18 ankles in 18 patients, two men and 16 women. The osteotomy is designed to correct the varus tilt and anterior opening of the distal tibial joint surface where it has been shown by weight-bearing radiographs and arthroscopy that there is(More)
In 200 shoulders from cadavera, we studied the pathological changes on the undersurface of the acromion as associated with tears of the rotator cuff. After radiographic and histological analysis, we found that in the specimens that had a partial tear of the cuff the undersurface of the acromion was almost intact. Although a lesion in the anterior one-third(More)
An in vitro brainstem-spinal cord preparation of the newborn rat was used to examine the effects of neurotransmitters and transmitter candidates on respiratory frequency. Spontaneous periodic depolarization of the spinal ventral roots of the 4th or 5th cervical segment was observed at a frequency of 5-15 min-1 constantly for more than 5 h. The frequency of(More)
We lengthened seven first metatarsals in four patients with short great toes by callus distraction using an external fixator. Good clinical and cosmetic results were obtained. Bone lengthening is effective in patients with short great toes not only for cosmesis, but also to relieve pain and callosities on the plantar aspect of the second and third(More)
In dogs an artery, a vein, and a vascular bundle were transplanted into intact bone, isolated bone segments, necrotized bone, and homografts of bone. Active proliferation of new blood vessels and formation of new bone occurred in all instances where the vascular bundle was used, when the vein was implanted into the intact bone and isolated bone, and only(More)
Seventeen patients who had recalcitrant chronic adhesive capsulitis were operated on between 1979 and 1986 and were followed for an average of 6.8 years. At operation, the major cause of the restricted glenohumeral movement was found to be contracture of the coracohumeral ligament and rotator interval. Release of the contracted structures relieved pain and(More)
Fresh marrow cells were obtained from the femora Fischer rats and cultured in a medium containing 15% fetal calf serum (FCS) to leach confluent. After trypsinization, cells were subcultured at a cell density of 100 x 10(3)/35 mm well in the presence of FCS, 10 mM beta-glycerophosphate, 82 micrograms/mL ascorbic acid phosphate, and 10(-8)M dexamethasone(More)
This study was undertaken to evaluate incomplete tears of the subscapularis tendon that occur in conjunction with small or medium-sized tears of the supraspinatus tendon. Fifty-two shoulders were examined in 26 embalmed cadavers. The average age at the time of death was 76.3 years. Rotator cuff tears were observed in 32 (61.5%) shoulders. Six (11.5%)(More)
The collateral sprouting mechanisms of axons from an uninjured donor nerve after end-to-side nerve repair was investigated in motor nerves of rats, with special reference to the neurotrophins related to nerve regeneration. In addition, growth cone formation at the tip of the regenerating nerve was examined. A transected medial gastrocnemius nerve (MGN) was(More)