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PURPOSE The elderly receive many medications which may have adverse effects. Little evidence is available about the epidemiology of potentially inappropriate medications being prescribed to the elderly in Japan as defined by the Beers criteria, or whether or not these medications result in harm when used in this population. METHODS We conducted a(More)
AIM Immediate bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is the most essential factor for life saving in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients. We investigated the characteristics associated with willingness to attempt CPR among the Japanese general population. METHODS We randomly selected 2400 persons from all over Japan and conducted a(More)
AIM In order to elucidate the factors for willingness to perform CPR, we evaluated the responses of college students to questionnaires before and after basic life support (BLS) training. METHODS Before and after participating in a small group BLS course, 259 students completed questionnaires. A logistic regression model was used to elucidate independent(More)
We propose a new appearance-based feature for realtime gesture recognition from motion images. The feature is the shape of the trajectory caused by gesture, in pattern space defined by inner-product between patterns on frame images. It has three merits, I ) invariant for the target human’s position, size and lie, 2) gesture recognition without interpreting(More)
In the objective structured clinical examination (OSCE), which for pharmaceutical students training, adequate methods should be used for evaluating a student's skill and aptitude for good communication in a medical interview. However, the reliability of the evaluation methods used in the pharmaceutical OSCE has not been investigated sufficiently. In this(More)
In this paper, we propose a response model for a multi-modal human interface, by inserting listener responses particular times by detecting keywords from the user's utterances and controlling the face direction of a human-like Computer Graphics (CG) character according to the direction of the user's attention which is determined by tracing user's face. Then(More)
We propose a new appearance-based feature for real-time gesture recognition from motion images. The feature is the shape of the trajectory caused by human gestures, in the "Pattern Space" defined by the inner-product between patterns on frame images. It has three advantages, 1) it is invariant in term of the target human's position, size and lie, 2) it(More)
OBJECTIVES Knowledge about the epidemiology of adverse drug events (ADEs) and medication errors in paediatric inpatients is limited outside Western countries. To improve paediatric patient safety worldwide, assessing local epidemiology is essential. DESIGN The Japan Adverse Drug Events (JADE) Study was a cohort study. SETTING Paediatric inpatients at(More)