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BACKGROUND Marked parathyroid hyperplasia with bone diseases and vascular calcification are unsolved issues in dialysis patients. In this study, we made azotemic model rats by adenine feeding and analyzed the development and progression of the abnormalities. METHODS Renal failure was induced in 8-week-old male Wistar rats by feeding 0.75%(More)
Atorvastatin (10 to 20 mg/day) was administered for 3 months to 15 outpatients (average age 58 +/- 4 years) with hypercholesterolemia accompanied by hypertriglyceridemia without hypolipemic treatment. Changes in lipid profile, particularly oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) (malondialdehyde LDL), subfractions of LDL, and remnant lipoprotein (RLP)(More)
Klotho is a circulating protein, and Klotho deficiency disturbs endothelial integrity, but the molecular mechanism is not fully clarified. We report that vascular endothelium in Klotho-deficient mice showed hyperpermeability with increased apoptosis and down-regulation of vascular endothelial (VE)-cadherin because of an increase in VEGF-mediated internal(More)
Little is known about the mechanism by which HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors affect inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression. We investigated the effect of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor cerivastatin on iNOS expression in cultured rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Quiescent VSMCs were incubated with or without various concentrations of drugs as(More)
We examined the relationship between structural changes of the aorta and pulse wave velocity (PWV), and the effects of antihypertensive treatments on PWV in N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME)-treated rats. Twelve-week-old Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats were divided into the following groups, all of which received drug treatment in their drinking(More)
Recently, the authors experienced four patients who had refractory hypertension and neurovascular compression of the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM). One of them, a 49-year-old woman, had undergone continuous intravenous drip injections of calcium channel blockers and β-blockers for more than 3 years because of severe and refractory hypertension. The(More)
Although exercise is recommended for the primary prevention of hypertension, and although it is generally known to have a beneficial effect on endothelial function, working individuals often find it difficult to maintain a consistent exercise regimen. In the present study, therefore, we examined the effects of infrequently performed exercise on(More)
BACKGROUND The klotho gene and its protein product are mainly expressed in the kidney. The klotho protein induces suppression of multiple aging-related phenotypes, and homozygous klotho gene mutant mice display various senescent morbidity. Chronic inhibition of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) induces arteriosclerosis, while HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors(More)
OBJECTIVE Klotho is thought to play a critical role in the development of age-related disorders including arteriosclerosis. Statins may exert vascular protective effects, independent of the lowering of plasma cholesterol levels. We investigated the impact of statins on mRNA expression of the age-suppressor gene, klotho in mIMCD3 cells. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
To investigate the effects of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACE-I) and other antihypertensive agents on the nitric oxide (NO) release during hypertension, seven- and fourteen-week-old SHR and deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt rats were treated with hydralazine, manidipine (Ca antagonist) or quinapril (ACE-I) for 3 weeks to lower blood(More)