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Ladybird beetles in the tribe Epilachnini include notorious crop pests and model species studied intensively in various fields of evolutionary biology. From a combined dataset of mitochondrial (ND2) and nuclear (28S) DNA sequences, we reconstructed the phylogeny of 46 species of Epilachnini from Asia, Africa, America, and the Australian region: 16 species(More)
OBJECTIVES Neuro-immune interactions with functional changes in the peripheral blood cells including changes in the transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) appear to play a pivotal role in the development of chronic pain in humans. The aim of this study was to examine the association between TRPA1 DNA methylation in whole blood cells and the pain(More)
BACKGROUND To compare in a prospective randomized study Mersilene tape and standard metal wire for complications and pain upon sternal wound closure. METHODS Sixty-four patients scheduled for cardiac surgery were prospectively randomized to undergo sternal closure using either Mersilene tape (n=30) or standard metal wire (n=34). The intensity of(More)
OBJECTIVE Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is expected to have analgesic effects in patients with neuropathic pain, ischemic pain, or mixed pain. The type of leg pain caused by lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is considered as mixed pain, which is expected to respond to SCS. However, there is no established view on the usefulness of SCS in the management of this(More)
SUMMARY We successfully closed the isolated patent ductus arteriosus in 58 of 61 consecutive patients using the transfemoral-catheter method originally introduced by Porstmann in 1968. To perform this technique more safely and reliably, some instrumental and technical improvements were made. The indications for this method have been expanded to include the(More)
BACKGROUND Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (NAIT) is a neonatal disorder characterized by maternal alloimmunization against fetal platelet (PLT) antigens inherited from the father. A healthy 30-year-old Japanese woman (Hit) gave birth to her second child after an uneventful pregnancy. Nine hours after birth, the infant presented with severe petechiae(More)
OBJECTIVE We assessed the role of multi-detector row computed tomography in cardiovascular surgery. METHODS The efficacy of multi-detector row computed tomography was assessed concerning the graft patency of coronary artery bypass, arterial atheromatous degeneration, small vessel imaging, and left ventricular volume measurement. Images were reconstructed(More)
Perioperative coronary vasospasm has been recognized as a possible cause of myocardial infarction or low output syndrome after open heart operations. A 57-year-old male suffered cardiogenic shock immediately after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. Emergent angiography performed under intraaortic balloon pumping and percutaneous(More)
Pain is a private internal event, the degree of which can not be evaluated directly by others. The measurement of the nociceptive pain threshold may apply to the evaluation of the degree of the pain. The instruments using mechanical and electrical stimulation are available for the clinical application. Thermotest allows the testing of quantitative(More)
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