Susumu Kobayashi

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OBJECTIVE Event-related brain potentials (ERPs) during a Go/NoGo task were investigated to elucidate the electrophysiological basis for executive and inhibitory control of responses. METHODS We studied Go/NoGo ERPs in 13 healthy subjects during a modified continuous performance test using high-density electroencephalogram (EEG) recording. We measured peak(More)
DOCK180 is involved in integrin signaling through CrkII-p130(Cas) complexes. We have studied the involvement of DOCK180 in Rac1 signaling cascades. DOCK180 activated JNK in a manner dependent on Rac1, Cdc42Hs, and SEK, and overexpression of DOCK180 increased the amount of GTP-bound Rac1 in 293T cells. Coexpression of CrkII and p130(Cas) enhanced this(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), together with sphingosine 1-phosphate, is a bioactive lipid mediator that acts on G-protein-coupled receptors to evoke multiple cellular responses, including Ca(2+) mobilization, modulation of adenylyl cyclase, and mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase activation. In this study, we isolated a human cDNA encoding a novel(More)
Embryonic patterning in Drosophila is regulated by maternal factors. Many such factors become localized as mRNAs within the oocyte during oogenesis and are translated in a spatio-temporally regulated manner. These processes are controlled by trans-acting proteins, which bind to the target RNAs to form a ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complex. We report that a(More)
A discovery that the protooncogene encoding the receptor tyrosine kinase, c-kit, is allelic with the Dominant white spotting (W) locus establishes that c-kit plays a functional role in the development of three cell lineages, melanocyte, germ cell, and hematopoietic cell which are defective in W mutant mice. Recent analyses of c-kit expression in various(More)
The maternal RNA-binding proteins Pumilio (Pum) and Nanos (Nos) act together to specify the abdomen in Drosophila embryos. Both proteins later accumulate in pole cells, the germline progenitors. Nos is required for pole cells to differentiate into functional germline. Here we show that Pum is also essential for germline development in embryos. First, a(More)
In many animal groups, factors required for germline formation are localized in germ plasm, a region of the egg cytoplasm. In Drosophila embryos, germ plasm is located in the posterior pole region and is inherited in pole cells, the germline progenitors. Transplantation experiments have demonstrated that germ plasm contains factors that can form germline,(More)
The adenomatous polyposis coli gene (APC) is mutated in familial adenomatous polyposis and in sporadic colorectal tumors, and its product binds to the adherens junction protein beta-catenin. Overexpression of APC blocks cell cycle progression. The APC-beta-catenin complex was shown to bind to DLG, the human homolog of the Drosophila discs large tumor(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Previous reports have suggested that brain atrophy is associated with aging and that there are gender differences in brain atrophy with aging. These reports, however, neither exclude silent brain lesions in "healthy subjects" nor divide the brain into subregions. The aim of this study is to clarify the effect of gender on age-related(More)
Small GTPase Rho plays pivotal roles in the Ca2+ sensitization of smooth muscle. However, the GTP-bound active form of Rho failed to exert Ca2+-sensitizing effects in extensively Triton X-100-permeabilized smooth muscle preparations, due to the loss of the important diffusible cofactor (Gong, M. C., Iizuka, K., Nixon, G. , Browne, J. P., Hall, A.,(More)