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Early social isolation results in adult behavioral and cognitive dysfunction that correlates with white matter alterations. However, how social deprivation influences myelination and the significance of these myelin defects in the adult remained undefined. We show that mice isolated for 2 weeks immediately after weaning have alterations in prefrontal cortex(More)
An agar-degrading Thalassomonas bacterium, strain JAMB-A33, was isolated from the sediment off Noma Point, Japan, at a depth of 230 m. A novel α-agarase from the isolate was purified to homogeneity from cultures containing agar as a carbon source. The molecular mass of the purified enzyme, designated as agaraseA33, was 85 kDa on both SDS-PAGE and(More)
The gene for a novel β-agarase from a deep-sea Microbulbifer-like isolate was cloned and sequenced. It encoded a mature protein of 126,921 Da (1,146 amino acids), which was a modular protein including two tandem carbohydrate-binding module (CBM)-like sequences and a catalytic module. The catalytic module resembled a glycoside hydrolase family 86 β-agarase,(More)
The structural gene for a neoagarobiose-producing beta-agarase of an Agarivorans isolate was expressed in Bacillus subtilis. High-level production of the recombinant enzyme was achieved corresponding to a level of 1.9 x 10(4) units/l of the culture broth. The efficiency of the production is thus 30-fold greater than that of the original strain. The(More)
The crystal structure of the GH13 alpha-glucosidase (GSJ) from deep-sea bacterium Geobacillus sp. strain HTA-462 was determined to a 2.0 A resolution. Comparisons of the GSJ structure with that of other GH13 enzymes with different catalytic activities revealed that the catalytic cleft of GSJ was widely opened when compared with the homologues. The wide(More)
An α-glucosidase from Geobacillus sp. strain HTA-462, one of the deepest sea bacteria isolated from the sediment of the Mariana Trench, was purified to homogeneity and estimated to be a 65-kDa protein by SDS-PAGE. At low ion strength, the enzyme exists in the homodimeric form (130 kDa). It is a thermo- and alkaline-stable enzyme with a half-life of 13.4 h(More)
A gene, agaA, for a novel beta-agarase from the marine bacterium JAMB-A94 was cloned and sequenced. The 16S rDNA of the isolate had the closest match, of only 94.8% homology, with that from Microbulbifer salipaludis JCM11542(T). The agaA gene encoded a protein with a calculated molecular mass of 48,203 Da. The deduced amino acid sequence showed 37-66%(More)
Cellobiose 2-epimerase (CE; EC 5.1.3.11) is known to catalyze the reversible epimerization of cellobiose to 4-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-D-mannose in Ruminococcus albus cells. Here, we report a CE in a ruminal strain of Eubacterium cellulosolvens for the first time. The nucleotide sequence of the CE had an ORF of 1218 bp (405 amino acids; 46 963.3 Da). The CE(More)
We have isolated a number of alkaliphilic Bacillus that produce alkaline exoenzymes and found a possible use for alkaline cellulase (carboxymethylcellulase) as an additive for improving the cleaning effect of detergents. Enzymatic properties of some candidate cellulases fulfilled the essential requirements for enzymes to be used practically in laundry(More)
Thermostable alkaline cellulase (endo-1,4-β-glucanase, EC 3.2.1.4) activity was detected in the culture medium of a strictly alkaliphilic strain of Bacillus, designated KSM-S237. This novel enzyme was purified to homogeneity by a two-step column-chromatographic procedure with high yield. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of the purified enzyme was(More)