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DNMT3 proteins are de novo DNA methyltransferases that are responsible for the establishment of DNA methylation patterns in mammalian genomes. Here, we have determined the crystal structures of the ATRX-DNMT3-DNMT3L (ADD) domain of DNMT3A in an unliganded form and in a complex with the amino-terminal tail of histone H3. Combined with the results of(More)
PURPOSE We have reported loss of SMAD4 promotes expression of CCL15 from colorectal cancer to recruit CCR1+ myeloid cells through the CCL15-CCR1 axis, which contributes to invasion and liver metastasis. However, the molecular mechanism of lung metastasis is yet to be elucidated. Our purpose is to determine whether similar mechanism is involved in the lung(More)
UNLABELLED KRAS gene mutations occur in approximately 40% of colorectal cancers (CRCs) and are associated with resistance to anti-epidermal growth factor receptor antibody therapy. We previously demonstrated that (18)F-FDG accumulation in PET was significantly higher in CRCs with mutated KRAS than in those with wild-type KRAS in a clinical setting. Here, we(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Loss of the tumor suppressor SMAD4 correlates with progression of colorectal cancer (CRC). In mice, colon tumors that express CCL9 recruit CCR1(+) myeloid cells, which facilitate tumor invasion and metastasis by secreting matrix metalloproteinase 9. METHODS We used human CRC cell lines to investigate the ability of SMAD4 to regulate(More)
We have conducted a human cDNA project to predict protein-coding sequences (CDSs) in large cDNAs (> 4 kb) since 1994, and the number of newly identified genes, known as KIAA genes, already exceeds 2000. The ultimate goal of this project is to clarify the physiological functions of the proteins encoded by KIAA genes. To this end, the project has recently(More)
Guanidino compounds involved in the urea and guanidine cycles have been found in serum of nephritic patients, and some guanidino compounds have been suspected to be uremic toxins. The simultaneous analysis of naturally occurring metabolites is important for diagnosis of diseases. In this review, liquid chromatographic analysis of natural metabolites of(More)
We have accumulated information of the coding sequences of uncharacterized human genes, which are known as KIAA genes, and the number of these genes exceeds 2000 at present. As an extension of this sequencing project, we recently have begun to accumulate mouse KIAA-homologous cDNAs, because it would be useful to prepare a set of human and mouse homologous(More)
We have been conducting a human cDNA project to predict protein-coding sequences in long cDNAs (> 4 kb) since 1994. The number of these newly identified human genes exceeds 2000 and these genes are known as KIAA genes. As an extension of this project, we herein report characterization of cDNAs derived from mouse KIAA-homologous genes. A primary aim of this(More)
To understand colon cancer metastasis, we earlier analyzed a mouse model that developed liver metastasis of cancer cells disseminated from the spleen. We suggested that CCR1+ bone marrow (BM)-derived cells are recruited to the microenvironment of disseminated colon cancer cells, and produce metalloproteinases MMP9 and MMP2, helping metastatic colonization.(More)
We have previously described the sequence features of approximately 1500 mouse KIAA (mKIAA) genes in comparison with those of human KIAA genes (Okazaki, N., Kikuno, R., Inamoto, S., Hara, Y., Nagase, T., Ohara, O., and Koga, H. 2002, DNA Res., 9, 179-188; Okazaki, N., Kikuno, R., Ohara, R., Inamoto, S., Aizawa, H., Yuasa, S., Nakajima, D., Nagase, T.,(More)