Susumu Imaoka

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The Wnt signaling pathway is essential for development and organogenesis. Wnt signaling stabilizes beta-catenin, which accumulates in the cytoplasm, binds to 1-cell factor (TCF; also known as lymphocyte enhancer-binding factor, LEF) and then upregulates downstream genes. Mutations in CTNNB1 (encoding beta-catenin) or APC (adenomatous polyposis coli) have(More)
To clarify whether pre-operative transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) improves survival after hepatectomy, a prospective randomized comparative study was done. Of a total of 115 registered patients having solitary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) 2 to 5 cm in diameter, 18 (15.7%) were excluded after randomization. As a result, 97 patients were chosen as(More)
The purpose of the study was to elucidate human intestinal cytochrome P450 isoform(s) involved in the metabolism of an antihistamine, ebastine, having two major pathways of hydroxylation and N-dealkylation. The ebastine dealkylase in human intestinal microsomes was CYP3A4, based on the inhibition studies with antibodies against CYP1A, CYP2A, CYP2C, CYP2D,(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) modulates various metabolisms through interaction with thiol proteins and hemoproteins. Although NO interacts reversibly with iron moieties of heme proteins, including cytochrome P450 (P450), dynamic aspects of the formation, catalytic functions and fates of NO-P450 adducts remain to be elucidated. When incubated with NOC7, which(More)
The effects of starvation on the composition of 12 different cytochrome P450s in rat hepatic microsomes were studied with a specific antibody. Changes in the metabolic activity of the microsomes were studied at the same time. P450 DM (P450j) was induced 2.5-fold by a 48-h starvation and its increase reflected the increase of metabolic activity of hepatic(More)
We have previously shown that sialyl Lewisx antigen (sLex) (NeuAc alpha 2-3Gal beta 1-4(Fuc alpha 1-3)GlcNAC-R) has an important functional role in defining the invasion and metastasis of human colorectal carcinoma. The results were derived from the clinical specimens obtained at surgery or experimental metastasis of human colon carcinoma variant expressing(More)
Dopamine is formed form L-tyrosine by tyrosine hydroxylase and aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase. In addition to this pathway, however, the formation of catecholamines, including dopamine, from trace amines such as tyramine by hepatic microsomes has been demonstrated. In this study, we investigated the formation of dopamine from trace amines, using human(More)
Drug-drug interactions between tolbutamide and sulfonamides have extensively been reported. We attempted to predict the in vivo interaction between tolbutamide and sulfonamides from the in vitro metabolic inhibition studies. The inhibition constant (K(i)) was derived from the inhibitory effects of eight sulfonamides (sulfaphenazole, sulfadiazine,(More)
We screened 75 primary hepatocellular carcinomas for somatic mutations in the entire coding region of the beta-catenin gene. We detected somatic mutations in 14 tumors; 12 were considered to cause amino acid substitutions and 2 were interstitial deletions of 51 or 195 nucleotides of genomic DNA, corresponding to exon 3. Among the 12 point mutations, 6(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Although the activity of the liver in metabolizing and eliminating various drugs decreases in endotoxemia, the mechanism remains to be elucidated. The generation of nitric oxide by the inducible type of nitric oxide synthase increases in endotoxemia. Nitric oxide readily reacts with heme proteins such as cytochrome P450 that metabolize(More)