Susumu Hasegawa

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BACKGROUND/PURPOSE It has been reported that hepatic resection may be preferable to other modalities for the treatment of small hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs), by contributing to improved overall and disease-free survival. Ablation techniques such as radiofrequency ablation (RFA) have also been used as therapy for small HCCs; however, few studies have(More)
UNLABELLED The overall mortality of patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) has not been fully elucidated. This study analyzed mortality in subjects positive for antibody to HCV (anti-HCV) in a community-based, prospective cohort study conducted in an HCV hyperendemic area of Japan. During a 10-year period beginning in 1995, 1125(More)
States of interaction between indomethacin (IM) and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) in an amorphous solid dispersion prepared by co-grinding were compared with those between IM and silica nanoparticles. Changes in the carbon chemical states of the solid dispersions were evaluated based on the chemical shift in the 13C-CP/MAS-NMR. Hydrogen bonds between the amide(More)
Amorphous dispersions provide an excellent way of increasing dissolution rates of poorly soluble drugs, but there may be concerns about stability. One way of assessing the stability of amorphous is the study of relaxation. In this study the relaxation at the surface of amorphous solid dispersions (SDs) was evaluated using inverse gas chromatography (IGC). A(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of preparation methods on the surface/bulk molecular mobility and glass fragility of solid dispersions. Solid dispersions containing indomethacin and PVP K30 were chosen as the model system. An inverse gas chromatography method was used to determine the surface structural relaxation of the solid(More)
The apparent equilibrium solubility (AES) of indomethacin increased by co-grinding with silica. Change in the long- and short range disorder of indomethacin by co-grinding was examined by X-ray powder diffraction and 13C solid state NMR, respectively, to elucidate the increased AES. Since the increase in AES was particularly marked after complete(More)
Troglitazone containing two asymmetric carbons has four isomers. Crystalline troglitazone consists of two crystalline diastereomer-pairs, RR/SS and RS/SR, which have different melting points. Using a closed melting method, troglitazone-polyvinylpyrrolidone solid dispersions with various crystallinities were prepared. Raman spectroscopy and its mapping(More)
Troglitazone, which possesses two asymmetric carbons, is obtained as a mixture of four isomers present in equal amounts. Troglitazone (Lot T003) has two melting points, about 120 and 175 degrees C. To increase the bioavailability of insoluble troglitazone, troglitazone-polyvinylpyrrolidone K30 (PVP) solid dispersions (SDs) were prepared with water by a(More)