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Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute febrile vasculitis in childhood that is associated with inflammatory cytokines, in which the vascular inflammation results in damage to the coronary arteries. The active form of vitamin D, 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) {1alpha,25-(OH)(2)D(3)} exhibits anti-inflammatory activities. In this study, we determined the mRNA and(More)
In multiple sclerosis, there have been many reports on matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs). However, MMPs and TIMPs have not been reported in acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM). We determined the relationship between the serum concentrations of MMP-9 and TIMP-1 and activity of lesions on MRI in 14 patients with ADEM(More)
It is well known that an acute encephalopathy occasionally follows prolonged febrile seizures. We measured the concentrations of interferon-gamma, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, and soluble TNF receptor 1 (sTNFR1) in serum and CSF during the acute stage in 13 children with acute encephalopathy following(More)
Convulsions sometimes occur in infants and toddlers with mild gastroenteritis. We retrospectively investigated the hospital records of 106 patients admitted to our hospital who had rotavirus gastroenteritis from February 2002 to April 2008. There were 23 patients with convulsions, including 13 with benign convulsions, 9 with febrile seizures, and 1 with(More)
We simultaneously measured 16 cytokines/chemokines in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from 14 patients with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) and 20 controls using a fluorescent bead-based immunoassay. A variety of cytokines, such as IL-1beta, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, G-CSF and MIP-1beta, were significantly elevated in(More)
Prolonged febrile seizures may be followed by acute encephalopathy with neurological sequelae. To investigate the function of the blood-brain-barrier (BBB) in acute encephalopathy following prolonged febrile seizures with neurological sequelae (AEPFS), the concentrations of serum matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases(More)
A new algorithm for deciding the similarity of polyhedral objects is presented. The method consists of the following five sub-procedures.&lt;ol&gt;<li>A polyhedron is decomposed into only convex components and represented as a hierarchical tree structure with those convex components, which has already been developed by the authors.</li><li>From the tree(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) play important roles in the function of the blood-brain-barrier (BBB). We investigated the roles of MMP-9 and TIMP-1 in the pathogenesis of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy following perinatal asphyxia. Serum concentrations of MMP-9 and TIMP-1 were determined by ELISA in(More)
Human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) is a causative agent of exanthema subitum. The immunological pathogenesis of acute encephalopathy associated with HHV-6 infection is still unclear. We measured the concentrations of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, and soluble TNF receptor 1 (sTNFR1)(More)
BACKGROUND The etiology of Kawasaki Disease (KD) is enigmatic, although an infectious cause is suspected. Polymorphisms in CC chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) and/or its potent ligand CCL3L1 influence KD susceptibility in US, European and Korean populations. However, the influence of these variations on KD susceptibility, coronary artery lesions (CAL) and(More)