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Glycosphingolipids (GSLs) and their sialic acid-containing derivatives, gangliosides, are important cellular components and are abundant in the nervous system. They are known to undergo dramatic changes during brain development. However, knowledge on the mechanisms underlying their qualitative and qualitative changes is still fragmentary. In this(More)
Changes in synaptic density in various brain regions were assessed among different age groups of rats maintained in ordinary small cages, as determined by synaptophysin assay. The synaptophysin content in hippocampus decreases as early as in the adult stage. The most remarkable decrement occurs in occipital cortex. In other regions, synaptophysin contents(More)
We reported that stoichiometric phosphorylation by either cAMP-dependent protein kinase or protein kinase C induces disassembly of vimentin filaments [Inagaki, M., Nishi, Y., Nishizawa, K., Matsuyama, M., & Sato, C. (1987) Nature 328, 649-652; Inagaki, M., Gonda, Y., Matsuyama, M., Nishizawa, K., Nishi, Y., & Sato, C. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 5970-5978].(More)
We have devised a high performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) densitometry method to resolve the major lipid classes of brain tissue. We used DEAE-Sephadex column chromatography to separate the total lipid into neutral and acidic lipid fractions. The lipid fractions were then spotted on separate HPTLC plates and chromatographed in one dimension using(More)
Numerical synaptic density and synaptic vesicle density in rat frontal cortex were examined by electron microscopy as a function of age. The density of axospinous synapses, a major population of synapses, was found to peak at age 1 month, and to gradually decrease with aging. The synaptic vesicle density in axospinous synapses was shown to rapidly increase(More)
Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), the intermediate filament component of astroglial cells, can serve as an excellent substrate for both cAMP-dependent protein kinase and protein kinase C, in vitro. GFAP phosphorylated by each protein kinase does not polymerize, and the filaments that do polymerize tend to depolymerize after phosphorylation.(More)
We developed antibodies pG1 and pG2 which recognize glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in its phosphorylated state. Antibodies pG1 and pG2 were produced against two synthetic peptides, Arg-Arg-Arg-Val-Thr-phosphoSer-Ala-Ala-Arg-Arg-phosphoSer (residues 3-13) and Pro-Gly-Pro-Arg-Leu-phosphoSer-Leu-Ala-Arg-Met-Pro (residues 29-39), respectively. The(More)
(2010) Ganglioside metabolism in a transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer's disease: expression of Chol-1a antigens in the brain. ASN NEURO 2(4):art:e00044. ABSTRACT The accumulation of Ab (amyloid b-protein) is one of the major pathological hallmarks in AD (Alzheimer's disease). Gangliosides, sialic acid-containing glycosphingolipids enriched in the nervous(More)
We examined age-related changes in the turnover rates of synaptic membrane components that might underlie the decrease in synaptic functions in senescence. Synaptic membrane constituents were labeled in vivo with deuterium and the disappearance of the deuterated molecules from synaptic membranes was measured by mass spectrometry. The turnover rates of(More)