Learn More
Neurotransmission effected by GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid) is predominantly mediated by a gated chloride channel intrinsic to the GABAA receptor. This heterooligomeric receptor exists in most inhibitory synapses in the vertebrate central nervous system (CNS) and can be regulated by clinically important compounds such as benzodiazepines and barbiturates.(More)
GABA-gated chloride channels were expressed in human embryonic kidney cells following transfection of cDNAs encoding the alpha 1, beta 2, and gamma 2 subunits of the rat GABAA receptor (GABAR). Functional properties were determined using patch-clamp techniques in the whole-cell and outside-out configurations. Large whole-cell currents were observed in cells(More)
Type 1 diabetes (T1D; or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, IDDM) is an autoimmune disease with both genetic and environmental components. In addition to the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) complex, the single major genetic contributor of susceptibility, an unknown number of other unidentified genes are required to mediate disease. Although many loci(More)
IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs) modulate IGF cellular bioavailability and may directly regulate tumor growth and invasion. We have previously shown that IGFBP-2 binds and localizes IGF-I to the pericellular matrix and have provided some evidence suggesting that the heparin binding domain (HBD) or the arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) integrin binding motif(More)
Cloned cDNAs encoding two new beta subunits of the rat and bovine GABAA receptor have been isolated using a degenerate oligonucleotide probe based on a highly conserved peptide sequence in the second transmembrane domain of GABAA receptor subunits. The beta 2 and beta 3 subunits share approximately 72% sequence identity with the previously characterized(More)
Interleukin (Il)-12 is a heterodimeric cytokine composed of 35 and 40 kD chains that plays a key role in the induction of Th1 cells, a T cell subset involved in many autoimmune diseases. We report here the cDNA sequence encoding the IL-12 p40 subunit from the autoimmune-prone non-obese diabetic (NOD) mouse, which spontaneously develops type 1 diabetes.(More)
The cDNA sequence for murine interleukin-3, one of the colony stimulating factors that regulate haematopoiesis, codes for a polypeptide of 166 amino acids including a putative signal peptide. The predicted amino acid sequence indicates that formation of mature interleukin-3 involves proteolytic removal of not only the signal peptide but additional(More)
The binding in vitro of 125I-human or bovine growth hormone (GH) to normal female rabbit serum has been studied using gel filtration to separate bound and free hormone. On Ultrogel AcA34 columns, a substantial peak of specific 125I-GH binding was observed at a MW approximately 120 000. This peak was not precipitable by 12.5% polyethylene glycol, a method(More)
The effect of histamine on N-methyl-D-aspartate currents was investigated in pyramidal neurons in the CA1 region of acute hippocampal slices from juvenile rats. The objective was to compare histamine effects in the slice with those previously reported in acutely dissociated and cultured hippocampal neurons. Micromolar concentrations of histamine had no(More)
Cloned cDNA encoding the bovine alpha 4 subunit of the GABAA receptor has been isolated. The predicted 51 amino acid long mature protein contains an exceptionally long intracellular domain and shares 53-56% sequence similarity to the previously characterized alpha 1, alpha 2 and alpha 3 subunits. Co-expression of alpha 4 and beta 1 in Xenopus oocytes(More)