Susi Burgalassi

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The effects of chitosan hydrochloride (Ch-HCl) and of N-carboxymethylchitosan (CMCh), formulated in ophthalmic solutions, on the ocular pharmacokinetics of ofloxacin were studied in rabbits. The carboxymethylation of a chitosan of high molecular mass (1460 kDa) and deacetylation degree (89.9%) introduced 0.84 N-carboxymethyl groups per repeating unit.(More)
Aim of this study was to evaluate solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) as carriers for topical ocular delivery of tobramycin (TOB). The SLN were in the colloidal size range (average diameter below 100 nm; polydispersity index below 0.2) and contained 2.5% TOB as ion-pair complex with hexadecyl phosphate. The preocular retention of SLN in rabbit eyes was tested(More)
The effects of chitosan hydrochloride (CH-HCl) on in vitro release of ofloxacin (OFX) from mucoadhesive erodible ocular inserts and on the relevant ocular pharmacokinetics have been studied both to contribute evidence of the ability of CH-HCl to enhance transcorneal penetration of drugs and to increase the therapeutic efficacy of topically applied OFX.(More)
A positively charged liposomal formulation for topical administration of acyclovir (ACV) was investigated in comparison with a commercial ACV ointment, by determining the pharmacokinetic profile of the drug in the aqueous humor of rabbits after topical administration. The ointment was tested at two different strengths: undiluted (3.0%) and diluted to the(More)
The aims of this work were (a) to develop a simple and reproducible procedure for percutaneous absorption and distribution tests of sunscreens using one human skin culture model (Epiderm 606; reconstructed epidermis, RE), (b) to compare the said model with rat skin (RS) in vitro and (c) to evaluate the effect of different formulations. The cutaneous(More)
PURPOSE The aim of the present study was to investigate the corneal protective and healing properties of arabinogalactan (AG), a natural polysaccharide present in conifers of the genus Larix (Larch). AG was tested in comparison with other two polysaccharides possessing well-established properties in the treatment of dry eye: tamarind seed polysaccharide and(More)
Commercial antimycotic nail lacquers are commonly based on water-insoluble resins. The present study was aimed at evaluating a novel, experimental nail lacquer (P-3051, Polichem SA, Lugano, Switzerland) based on the water-soluble film-forming agent hydroxypropyl chitosan (HPCH). The in vitro permeation of ciclopirox (CPX) from P-3051 and from a commercial,(More)
The formulation of aqueous ophthalmic solutions containing indomethacin (IND) presents serious problems due to poor solubility and stability of the drug. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a novel 0.1% IND formulation containing a poly(oxyethylene)-poly(oxypropylene) block copolymer (poloxamer 407) as solubilizer. This formulation was evaluated for(More)
This study was aimed at verifying the performances of a mucoadhesive polysaccharide from tamarind seed (xyloglucan or TSP, tamarind seed polysaccharide) as an adjuvant for ophthalmic vehicles containing timolol. Three formulations (one experimental vehicle based on TSP and two reference commercial eye drops) containing 5 mg/ml timolol base equivalents were(More)
A series of prospective ocular permeation enhancers, benzalkonium chloride (BAC), cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC), ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), polyoxyethylene (20) stearyl ether (PSE) and polyethoxylated castor oil (PCO) were tested for cytotoxicity on cultures of rabbit (RCE) and human (HCE) corneal epithelial cells. The cells were treated for(More)