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Aim of this study was to evaluate solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) as carriers for topical ocular delivery of tobramycin (TOB). The SLN were in the colloidal size range (average diameter below 100 nm; polydispersity index below 0.2) and contained 2.5% TOB as ion-pair complex with hexadecyl phosphate. The preocular retention of SLN in rabbit eyes was tested(More)
A positively charged liposomal formulation for topical administration of acyclovir (ACV) was investigated in comparison with a commercial ACV ointment, by determining the pharmacokinetic profile of the drug in the aqueous humor of rabbits after topical administration. The ointment was tested at two different strengths: undiluted (3.0%) and diluted to the(More)
The present paper is concerned with the development of a simple dry eye model in the rabbit, induced by daily repeated instillations of 1.0% atropine sulphate. The evolution of the dry eye syndrome in the animals was assessed by the Schirmer I test and by examination of the cornea after fluorescein staining. The model produced rapidly some typical dry eye(More)
A series of prospective ocular permeation enhancers, benzalkonium chloride (BAC), cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC), ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), polyoxyethylene (20) stearyl ether (PSE) and polyethoxylated castor oil (PCO) were tested for cytotoxicity on cultures of rabbit (RCE) and human (HCE) corneal epithelial cells. The cells were treated for(More)
The corneal toxicity of some surfactants of possible use as ocular penetration enhancers was investigated by measuring their effect on hydration of rabbit corneas 'in vitro'. The tested substances were benzalkonium chloride (BAC), cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC), ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid disodium salt (EDTA), polyoxyethylene-20-stearyl ether (Brij 78,(More)
PURPOSE The aim of the present study was to investigate the corneal protective and healing properties of arabinogalactan (AG), a natural polysaccharide present in conifers of the genus Larix (Larch). AG was tested in comparison with other two polysaccharides possessing well-established properties in the treatment of dry eye: tamarind seed polysaccharide and(More)
The effects of chitosan hydrochloride (CH-HCl) on in vitro release of ofloxacin (OFX) from mucoadhesive erodible ocular inserts and on the relevant ocular pharmacokinetics have been studied both to contribute evidence of the ability of CH-HCl to enhance transcorneal penetration of drugs and to increase the therapeutic efficacy of topically applied OFX.(More)
PURPOSE To explore the role of a natural polysaccharide extracted from tamarind seed (xyloglucan, or tamarind seed polysaccharide, TSP) on the integrin-substrate recognition system and on repair of corneal wounds. METHODS a) Cultured human conjunctival cells were labeled by addition of a tritiated amino acid mixture. Their adhesion to laminin-coated(More)
Commercial antimycotic nail lacquers are commonly based on water-insoluble resins. The present study was aimed at evaluating a novel, experimental nail lacquer (P-3051, Polichem SA, Lugano, Switzerland) based on the water-soluble film-forming agent hydroxypropyl chitosan (HPCH). The in vitro permeation of ciclopirox (CPX) from P-3051 and from a commercial,(More)
Purpose of the present investigation was to evaluate six terpene-containing essential oils for their capacity to promote permeation of estradiol (ES) through hairless mouse skin in vitro. Tests on cajuput, cardamom, melissa, myrtle, niaouli and orange oil, all used at the 10% w/w concentration in propylene glycol (PG), evidenced niaouli oil (NIA) as the(More)