Sushmita Shivkumar

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BACKGROUND Stigma, discrimination, lack of privacy, and long waiting times partly explain why six out of ten individuals living with HIV do not access facility-based testing. By circumventing these barriers, self-testing offers potential for more people to know their sero-status. Recent approval of an in-home HIV self test in the US has sparked self-testing(More)
BACKGROUND The focus on prevention strategies aimed at curbing the HIV epidemic is growing, and therefore screening for HIV has again taken centre stage. Our aim was to establish whether a convenient, non-invasive, HIV test that uses oral fluid was accurate by comparison with the same test with blood-based specimens. METHODS We did a systematic review and(More)
BACKGROUND Rapid and point-of-care (POC) tests for syphilis are an invaluable screening tool, yet inadequate evaluation of their diagnostic accuracy against best reference standards limits their widespread global uptake. To fill this gap, a systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of rapid and POC tests(More)
BACKGROUND In South Africa, stigma, discrimination, social visibility and fear of loss of confidentiality impede health facility-based HIV testing. With 50% of adults having ever tested for HIV in their lifetime, private, alternative testing options are urgently needed. Non-invasive, oral self-tests offer a potential for a confidential, unsupervised HIV(More)
  • Faculty R D Cheetham, J C Bagshaw, +38 authors Pedersen Kohles
  • 2011
Programs of Study Students in the biology master's program learn to apply basic principles of the discipline to solving research problems, and broaden their knowledge of the subject through formal course offerings. Graduates with this degree may pursue further graduate education or choose to work in a research, clinical or industrial setting, applying their(More)
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