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Results from retrospective studies on the relationship between cytochrome P450 (P450) 2B6 (CYP2B6) genotype and cyclophosphamide (CY) efficacy and toxicity in adult cancer patients have been conflicting. We evaluated this relationship in children, who have faster CY clearance and receive different CY-based regimens than adults. These factors may influence(More)
We have identified and characterized a novel src homology 2 (SH2) and pleckstrin homology (PH) domain-containing adaptor protein, designated Bam32 (for B cell adaptor molecule of 32 kD). cDNAs encoding the human and mouse Bam32 coding sequences were isolated and the human bam32 gene was mapped to chromosome 4q25-q27. Bam32 is expressed by B lymphocytes, but(More)
UDP-Glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) are a superfamily of enzymes responsible for glucuronidation of xenobiotics and endobiotics. Genetic polymorphisms have been identified in the promoter and exonic regions of several UGT genes. The UGT1As on chromosome 2q37 have unique exons 1 but share the remainder of their coding sequence. We screened exon 1 of each of(More)
OBJECTIVE Sex hormones are metabolized to less active compounds via (a) glucuronidation catalyzed by UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGT) and (b) sulfation catalyzed by sulfotransferases (SULT). Functional UGT and SULT polymorphisms can affect clearance of sex hormones, thereby influencing exposure in hormone-sensitive tissues, such as the breast. We assessed(More)
Glucuronidation, catalyzed by UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGT) and sulfation, catalyzed by sulfotransferases (SULT), are pathways through which sex steroids are metabolized to less active compounds. These enzymes are highly polymorphic and genetic variants frequently result in higher or lower activity. The phenotypic effects of these polymorphisms on(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Interindividual variation in aspirin (ASA) metabolism is attributed to concomitant use of drugs or alcohol, urine pH, ethnicity, sex, and genetic variants in UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGT). Little is known about the effects of diet. METHODS We evaluated cross-sectionally whether urinary excretion of ASA and its metabolites [salicylic(More)
According to recently published guidelines, microsatellite instability (MSI) testing of colorectal cancers may be clinically indicated on a significant proportion of all colorectal tumors. To date, nothing has been published regarding the reproducibility of MSI testing between laboratories. We present MSI quality control activities experience of a six(More)
Regular aspirin use reduces colon adenoma and carcinoma incidence. UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGT) are involved in aspirin metabolism and clearance, and variant alleles in UGT1A6 have been shown to alter salicylic acid metabolism and risk of colon neoplasia. In a randomized, cross-over, placebo-controlled trial of 44 healthy men and women, homozygous for(More)
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