Sushma S. Nadkarni

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Sensitive, reliable, and rapid methods of virus culture are essential for wild poliovirus isolation and identification from stool specimens collected from cases of acute flaccid paralysis. Recently, recombinant murine cell lines expressing human poliovirus receptor (CD155) on the cell surface have become available. These cells are sensitive selectively to(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Significant progress has been made towards eradication of poliomyelitis in India. Surveillance for acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) has reached high standards. Among the 3 types of polioviruses, type 2 had been eliminated in India and eradicated globally as of October 1999. However, we isolated wild poliovirus type 2 from a small number(More)
Poliovirus circulation in a rural community was studied by a stool sample survey. No acute paralytic poliomyelitis case had been reported from the study area during the previous 5 months. Immunization coverage in age groups 7 to 12 months and 12 to 60 months was 95.8 and 94 per cent, respectively. Of the 257 children from whom stool samples were collected(More)
We have identified circulation of 3 genogroups of enterovirus (EV) A71 in India. A new genogroup (proposed designation G) was discovered during this study. We isolated genogroups D and G in wide geographic areas but detected subgenogroup C1 only in 1 focus in western India. A systematic nationwide search for EV-A71 is warranted.
A prospective study enrolling 50 mother-infant pairs was undertaken to determine the effect of maternal antibodies on poliovirus antibody titres and seroconversion rates in infants and to determine the difference in titres and seroconversion rates following three and five doses of oral poliovaccine (OPV). Cord blood samples and samples collected 4 weeks(More)
A total of 132 healthy children between the ages one month and 12 yr were surveyed to determine the prevalence of antibodies to the three poliovirus serotypes. Among infants up to six months of age, 73.2, 85.4 and 56.1 per cent had antibodies to poliovirus types 1, 2 and 3, respectively. In children of age groups 7 months to 3 yr and above 3 yr, antibody(More)
The cold chain for oral poliovirus vaccine was monitored in Maharashtra and Karnataka by potency testing of vaccine vials collected from various stages of the delivery system. Results showed that cold chain maintenance improved in the state of Maharashtra within a period of three years as the monitoring began in 1987. Of the 6289 samples of trivalent OPV(More)
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