Sushma Jain

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Mobile ad hoc network (MANET) is a collection of several wireless devices or mobile users that can communicate among themselves over wireless links in a peer to peer basis and thereby creating a dynamic, arbitrary graph. But some adverse characteristics of MANET like dynamic topology, limited bandwidth, link failure and energy constraints, imposes new(More)
Quality-of-service (QoS) based multicast routing is a major challenge to next generation networks due to the increasing demand of real-time applications which require strict QoS guarantee. In the presented multi-objective multicast routing, the QoS parameters, namely, cost and available bandwidth are represented as objectives, while end-to-end delay and(More)
Disparities in health—those ''differences in the incidence, prevalence, mortality, and burden of diseases and other adverse health conditions that exist among specific population groups'', as defined by the National Institutes of Health—are becoming increasingly well described in the surgical literature. The awakening to such inequities has been long in(More)
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