Sushila Manilal

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A large fragment of emerin cDNA was prepared by PCR and expressed as a recombinant protein in Escherichia coli. Using this as immunogen, we prepared a panel of 12 monoclonal antibodies which recognise at least four different epitopes on emerin in order to ensure that emerin can be distinguished from non-specific cross-reacting proteins. All the mAbs(More)
Emerin is the protein of the inner nuclear membrane that is affected by mutation in X-linked Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy. The autosomal dominant form of the disease is caused by mutations in the lamin A/C gene. Several lines of circumstantial evidence have suggested an interaction of emerin with lamins in the nuclear lamina but direct interaction(More)
Emerin is a nuclear membrane protein which is missing or defective in Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD). It is one member of a family of lamina-associated proteins which includes LAP1, LAP2 and lamin B receptor (LBR). A panel of 16 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) has been mapped to six specific sites throughout the emerin molecule using phage-displayed(More)
Emerin is a nuclear membrane protein that interacts with lamin A/C at the nuclear envelope. Mutations in either emerin or lamin A/C cause Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD). The functions of emerin are poorly understood, but EDMD affects mainly skeletal and cardiac muscle. We used a high-stringency yeast two-hybrid method to screen a human heart cDNA(More)
Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy has some remarkably specific features, with only cardiac and skeletal tissues being affected. Equally remarkably, the disease is caused by mutations in widely expressed genes for the nuclear membrane/lamina proteins, emerin and lamin A/C. How do mutations in proteins at the heart of the cell lead to stiff joints and sudden(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder caused by the expansion of a CAG repeat which is expressed as a polyglutamine tract near the N-terminus of the gene product, huntingtin. N-terminal huntingtin fragments form intranuclear aggregates in HD patients and these may be involved in the pathogenesis. Monoclonal antibodies(More)
Seventeen families with Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) have been studied both by DNA sequencing and by emerin protein expression. Fourteen had mutations in the X-linked emerin gene, while three showed evidence of autosomal inheritance. Twelve of the 14 emerin mutations caused early termination of translation. An in-frame deletion of six amino(More)
Emerin is a nuclear membrane protein which is affected by mutation in X-linked Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy. We have previously suggested that emerin is a member of a family of type II integral membrane proteins which associate with the nuclear lamina and which include lamina-associated proteins and the lamin B receptor. We now show that emerin in COS(More)
Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy is an X-linked neuromuscular disorder caused by defects in the STA gene on Xq28, which codes for a nuclear protein named emerin. Affected patients usually present in early adolescence with scapulo-peroneal muscle weakness and wasting, and contractures of the tendo Achilles, elbows and paraspinal muscles, resulting in spine(More)
The X-linked form of Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) was recently shown to be due to mutations in the STA gene on chromosome Xq28. We have demonstrated a simple test for the diagnosis of this condition, looking for altered expression of the protein, emerin, in leucocytes and skin with a monoclonal antibody. Full-length emerin is completely absent(More)