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BACKGROUND The incidence and characteristics of tuberculosis (TB) in remote areas of Papua New Guinea (PNG) are largely unknown. The purpose of our study was to determine the incidence of TB in the Gulf Province of PNG and describe disease characteristics, co-morbidities and drug resistance profiles that could impact on disease outcomes and transmission. (More)
Papua New Guinea (PNG) is a high tuberculosis (TB) burden country of the WHO Western Pacific Region, but so far research on drug resistance (DR) and genotypes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) was only conducted in few provinces in the country. The aim of the present study was to obtain baseline data on the level of drug resistance and the(More)
Lung infections with Mycobacterium abscessus, a species of multidrug-resistant nontuberculous mycobacteria, are emerging as an important global threat to individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF), in whom M. abscessus accelerates inflammatory lung damage, leading to increased morbidity and mortality. Previously, M. abscessus was thought to be independently(More)
The CGIAR Independent Science and Partnership Council encourages fair use of this material provided proper citation is made. Contents Tables and figures iv Acronyms and abbreviations vi Acknowledgements vii Foreword xi Executive summary 1 Introduction 6 1. Crop and country coverage 8 2. Scientific strength in crop improvement 10 Scientific staff strength by(More)
The developments in Internet Mapping technology such as ArcIMS has leveraged to publish potential geographic and associated information through the Internet. To take advantage of this, an integrated Metadata/Data Server System has been designed and developed with an aim to provide a platform to share databases and metadata residing in ICIMOD and its GIS(More)
Kodo millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum L.) is known for its high nutritive value, dietary fiber, antioxidant activity, as well as for drought tolerance. It is primarily grown as a grain in India and in Africa it is either cultivated or harvested in wild. Neutral—ISSR (inter simple sequence repeat) as well as functional—SCoT (start codon targeted) and SRAP(More)
  • Shijun Ding, Laura Meriluoto, +17 authors Lourdes E. Velasco
  • 2011
This study analyzes the impact on income inequality of government efforts to increase agricultural incomes in rural China. It collects and analyzes survey data from 473 households in Yunnan, China in 2004. In particular, it investigates the effects of government efforts to promote improved upland rice technologies. Our analysis shows that farmers who(More)
Overview Because rice is critical for food security in so many of the poorest countries, investments in the rice sector should be designed to alleviate poverty and meet the food demands of still growing—and increasingly urbanized—populations. In all rice environments vital ecosystem services— such as biodiversity, groundwater recharge, and flow(More)
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