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A mathematical model for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is developed, taking into account the three steps in this process: melting of DNA; primer annealing; and DNA synthesis (polymerization). Activity and deactivation of the polymerase enzyme as a function of temperature is incorporated in the kinetic model to get a better understanding of the(More)
A prospective study of Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteremia was performed in 12 hospitals in 7 countries. Of 452 episodes of bacteremia, 25 (5.5%) were caused by K. pneumoniae that was resistant in vitro to ciprofloxacin. Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) production was detected in 15 (60%) of 25 ciprofloxacin-resistant isolates, compared with 68 (16%) of(More)
A prospective observational study of 153 patients transferred from long-term care facilities and admitted to acute-care hospitals who had microbiologically confirmed infections was undertaken to determine the risk factors, outcomes, and resource use associated with isolation of antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB). Eighty patients (52%) were infected with(More)
The introduction of human brain functions such as perception and cognition into the computer has been made possible by the use of Artificial Neural Network (ANN). ANN are computer models inspired by the structure and behavior of neurons. Like the brain, ANN can recognize patterns, manage data and most significantly, learn. This learning ability, not seen in(More)
Primary cutaneous aspergillosis is a rare entity, usually caused by A. fumigatus and A. flavus . Here, we present such a case, manifested by ulceration due to A. niger, which remained undiagnosed for a prolonged period. The immunological status was intact, although the patient had associated severe fungal infection. Recurrence of the lesion occurred despite(More)
We compared handmade cloned (HMC) buffalo blastocysts produced from oocytes stained with Brilliant Cresyl Blue (BCB) and classified into those with blue (BCB+) or colorless cytoplasm (BCB-). The blastocyst rate was higher (p<0.001) for BCB+ than for BCB- oocytes (43.41 ± 2.54 vs. 22.74 ± 1.76%). BCB+ blastocysts had inner cell mass (ICM) cell number,(More)
Despite being successfully used to produce live offspring in many species, somatic cell nuclear transfer (NT) has had a limited applicability due to very low (>1%) live birth rate because of a high incidence of pregnancy failure, which is mainly due to placental dysfunction. Since this may be due to abnormalities in the trophectoderm (TE) cell lineage, TE(More)
UNLABELLED Mammary gland is an exocrine and sebaceous gland made up of branching network of ducts that end in alveoli. Milk is synthesized in the alveoli and secreted into alveolar lumen. Mammary gland represents an ideal system for the study of organogenesis that undergoes successive cycles of pregnancy, lactation and involution. To gain insights on the(More)
"Juvenile pattern" of T wave inversion in the precordial leads of electrocardiogram was studied in 100 normal healthy Indians of 0 to 70 years of age in both sexes. Incidence of such pattern was observed in 25 subjects upto 19 years of age. Persons of weight/height ratio less than 30% had higher incidence of juvenile T waves. Maximum incidence (48%) of(More)