Sushil G. Rane

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BACKGROUND The P4 strain of the corn smut fungus, Ustilago maydis, secretes a fungal toxin, KP4, encoded by a fungal virus (UMV4) that persistently infects its cells. UMV4, unlike most other (non-fungal) viruses, does not spread to uninfected cells by release into the extracellular milieu during its normal life cycle and is thus dependent upon host survival(More)
Aneuploidy has long been suggested to be causal in tumor formation. Direct testing of this hypothesis has been difficult because of the absence of methods to specifically induce aneuploidy. The chromosome-associated kinesin motor KIF4 plays multiple roles in mitosis, and its loss leads to multiple mitotic defects including aneuploidy. Here, we have taken(More)
Previous work has shown that cyclin D1 expression is required for neu- and ras-induced, but not wnt- or c-myc-induced, breast tumorigenesis in mice. Although cyclin D1 binds and activates cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (Cdk4), thereby mediating activation of a program of E2F-dependent gene expression, it has been suggested that the oncogenic activities of cyclin(More)
Insulin-producing pancreatic islet beta cells (beta-cells) are destroyed, severely depleted or functionally impaired in diabetes. Therefore, replacing functional beta-cell mass would advance clinical diabetes management. We have previously demonstrated the importance of Cdk4 in regulating beta-cell mass. Cdk4-deficient mice display beta-cell hypoplasia and(More)
Diabetes mellitus ensues as a consequence of the body's inability to respond normally to high blood glucose levels. The onset of diabetes is due to several pathological changes, which are a reflection of either the inability of the pancreatic beta cells to secrete sufficient insulin to combat the hyperglycemia or a state of insulin resistance in target(More)
Jak3, a member of the Janus kinase family of cytoplasmic tyrosine kinases, is expressed at low levels in immature hematopoietic cells and its expression is dramatically up-regulated during the terminal differentiation of these cells. To better understand the role of Jak3 in myeloid cell development, we have investigated the role of Jak3 in myeloid cell(More)
Recent identification of active brown fat reserves in adult humans has re-stimulated interest in the role of brown adipocytes in energy homeostasis. In addition, there is accumulating evidence to support the concept of an alteration in energy balance through acquisition of brown fat features in traditional white fat depots. We recently described an(More)
RB pathway mutations, especially at the CDK4 and INK4A loci, are hallmarks of melanomagenesis. It is presently unclear what advantages these alterations confer during melanoma progression and how they influence melanoma therapy. Topoisomerase II inhibitors are widely used to treat human malignancies, including melanoma, although their variable success is(More)
Multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) syndrome is typified by the occurrence of tumors in two or more hormonal tissues. Whereas the genetics of MEN syndrome is relatively well understood, the tumorigenic mechanisms for these cancers remain relatively obscure. The Cdk4 (R24C) mouse model develops highly penetrant pituitary tumors and endocrine pancreas(More)
Insulin-producing pancreatic islet b cells (b-cells) are destroyed, severely depleted or functionally impaired in diabetes. Therefore, replacing functional b-cell mass would advance clinical diabetes management. We have previously demonstrated the importance of Cdk4 in regulating b-cell mass. Cdk4-deficient mice display b-cell hypoplasia and develop(More)