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We have isolated a gene, pmk1+, a third mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) gene homolog from the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. The predicted amino acid sequence shows the most homology (63 to 65% identity) to those of budding yeast Saccharomyces Mpk1 and Candida Mkc1. The Pmk1 protein contains phosphorylated tyrosines, and the level of(More)
The Jun proteins are nuclear proteins that combine with Fos proteins to form a gene-regulatory protein, AP-1. They have highly conserved DNA-binding and dimerization domains, resulting in almost identical sequence-recognition properties. Nevertheless, there are many indications that each Jun protein activates a distinct and only partially overlapping set of(More)
We describe new heterologous modules for PCR-based gene targeting in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Two bacterial genes, hph and nat, which display dominant drug-resistance phenotypes, are used as new selectable markers in these modules. Both genes have been used successfully in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, in which hph confers(More)
The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway is a highly conserved eukaryotic signalling cascade that converts extracellular signals into various outputs, such as cell growth and differentiation. MAPK is phosphorylated and activated by a specific MAPK kinase (MAPKK): MAPKK is therefore considered to be an activating regulator of MAPK. Pmk1 is a MAPK(More)
Fission yeast Pat1 kinase inhibits sexual differentiation by phosphorylating the meiotic inducer Mei2 and the transcription factor Ste11. Here, we show how Pat1 downregulates these proteins. Mei2 is degraded via a ubiquitin-proteasome pathway in a phosphorylation-dependent fashion. The E2 Ubc2 and the E3 Ubr1 are required for this proteolysis. In addition,(More)
Skp1 is a central component of the E3 ubiquitin ligase SCF (Skp1-Cullin-1-F-box). It forms an adapter bridge between Cullin-1 and the substrate-determining component, the F-box protein. In order to establish the role of Skp1, a temperature sensitive (ts) screen was carried out using mutagenic PCR (polymerase chain reaction) and 9 independent ts mutants were(More)
Cytogenic changes are becoming increasingly important in understanding the pathogenesis of human malignancies. The t(9;22) (q34;q11) translocation is one of the most consistent and generates the Philadelphia chromosome (Ph1) (ref. 1) in chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML); it has also been observed in some acute lymphoblastic leukaemias (ALL) (ref. 2). In CML(More)
Fission yeast has two kinesin-8s, Klp5 and Klp6, which associate to form a heterocomplex. Here, we show that Klp5 and Klp6 are mutually dependent on each other for nuclear mitotic localization. During interphase, they are exported to the cytoplasm. In sharp contrast, during mitosis, Klp5 and Klp6 remain in the nucleus, which requires the existence of each(More)
The t(4;11)(q21;q23) has been associated with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) especially in infants. The t(4;11) breakpoint on chromosome 11 is cytogenetically indistinguishable from breakpoints for other leukemia-associated translocations affecting 11q23. The molecular basis of the t(4;11) is unknown although a number of genes have been mapped to 11q23.(More)
A monoclonal antibody (7C6) has been derived against a synthetic bcr peptide and used to study normal bcr gene products. The expression of a bcr phosphoprotein of 130 kd was demonstrated, in addition to the previously identified bcr phosphoprotein of 160 kd. Sequential immunoprecipitation demonstrated that both p160 and p130 had determinants from two(More)