Sushanta Chakder

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UNLABELLED Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) is a naturally occurring 28-amino acid peptide with a wide range of biological activities. Recent reports suggest that VIP receptors are expressed on a variety of malignant tumor cells and that the receptor density is higher than for somatostatin. Our aims were to label VIP with 99mTc--a generator-produced,(More)
Recent investigations have suggested carbon monoxide (CO) as a putative messenger molecule. Although several studies have implicated the heme oxygenase (HO) pathway, responsible for the endogenous production of CO, in the neuromodulatory control of the internal anal sphincter (IAS), its exact role is not known. Nitric oxide, produced by neuronal nitric(More)
The studies were performed in in vitro to examine the role of nitric oxide (NO) in nonadrenergic noncholinergic (NANC) nerve-mediated relaxation of the internal anal sphincter (IAS) smooth muscle strips of opossums. NO caused a concentration-dependent fall in the resting tension of the IAS. The inhibitory action of NO may be exerted directly on the IAS(More)
Unlike its effects on the rest of the GI tract, the effects of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP) on the internal anal sphincter (IAS) are not known. We examined the actions of PACAP-38 (here PACAP) and PACAP-27 on the basal IAS tone of circular smooth muscle strips before and after the administration of different neurohumoral(More)
The studies examined the regulation of inducible and neuronal nitric oxide synthases (iNOS and nNOS, respectively) in the rat brain, stomach, rectum, and spleen. Relative expression of iNOS and nNOS mRNAs was quantified by the sensitive method of polymerase amplification reactions. The NOS proteins were determined by Western blot, using specific antibodies.(More)
An increase in arginase activity has been associated with the pathophysiology of a number of conditions, including an impairment in nonadrenergic and noncholinergic (NANC) nerve-mediated relaxation of the gastrointestinal smooth muscle. An arginase inhibitor may rectify this condition. We compared the effects of a newly designed arginase inhibitor,(More)
Despite its widespread distribution and significance in the gut, the role of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP) in internal anal sphincter (IAS) relaxation has not been examined. This study examined the role of PACAP in nonadrenergic noncholinergic (NANC) nerve-mediated relaxation of IAS smooth muscle. Circular smooth muscle strips from(More)
We examined simultaneous changes in resting tension and tissue levels of the two second messengers, adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) and guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP), in the opossum internal anal sphincter (IAS). The influence of the nonadrenergic noncholinergic (NANC) nerve stimulation (NS) by electrical field stimulation (EFS)(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The pathogenesis of Hirschsprung's disease is not well understood. The suitability of the animal model for the unknown pathogenesis of inhibitory neurotransmission in Hirschsprung's disease was investigated. METHODS Circular smooth muscle strips from the internal anal sphincter (IAS) and distal colon (2, 6, 8, 16, and 24 mm from the anal(More)
The present study was carried out to investigate the effects of porcine galanin-(1-29), N-terminal fragment galanin-(1-10), C-terminal fragment galanin-(15-29), and the middle fragment galanin-(7-16) on the spontaneous tension of the opossum internal anal sphincter and on the decrease in the resting internal anal sphincter tension in response to neural(More)