Susen Winkler

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BACKGROUND Mutations in the alpha-synuclein (SNCA) gene have been shown to be responsible for a rare familial form of Parkinson disease (PD). Furthermore, polymorphic variants in multiple regions of the gene have been associated with susceptibility to idiopathic PD in different populations. OBJECTIVE To evaluate and to confirm the role of SNCA variants in(More)
Recessively inherited early-onset parkinsonism (EOP) has been associated with mutations in the Parkin, DJ-1, and PINK1 genes. We studied the prevalence of mutations in all three genes in 65 Italian patients (mean age of onset: 43.2+/-5.4 years, 62 sporadic, three familial), selected by age at onset equal or younger than 51 years. Clinical features were(More)
BACKGROUND DYT6 is a primary, early-onset torsion dystonia; however, unlike in DYT1 dystonia, the symptoms of DYT6 dystonia frequently involve the craniocervical region. Recently, two mutations in THAP1, the gene that encodes THAP (thanatos-associated protein) domain-containing apoptosis-associated protein 1 (THAP1), have been identified as a cause of DYT6(More)
The purpose of the study was to delineate clinical and electrophysiological characteristics as well as laryngoscopical and transcranial ultrasound (TCS) findings in THAP1 mutation carriers (MutC). According to recent genetic studies, DYT6 (THAP1) gene mutations are an important cause of primary early-onset dystonia. In contrast to DYT1 mutations, THAP1(More)
Mutations in THAP1 have been associated with dystonia 6 (DYT6). THAP1 encodes a transcription factor that represses the expression of DYT1. To further evaluate the mutational spectrum of THAP1 and its associated phenotype, we sequenced THAP1 in 567 patients with focal (n = 461), segmental (n = 68), or generalized dystonia (n = 38). We identified 10 novel(More)
OBJECTIVE A study was undertaken to identify the gene underlying DYT4 dystonia, a dominantly inherited form of spasmodic dysphonia combined with other focal or generalized dystonia and a characteristic facies and body habitus, in an Australian family. METHODS Genome-wide linkage analysis was carried out in 14 family members followed by genome sequencing(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the frequency of different gene mutations in patients with early-onset parkinsonism and bilateral subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) and the short- and long-term surgical outcome in mutation-positive (MUT+) and -negative (MUT-) patients. METHODS Eighty patients with disease onset at age <or= 45 years and bilateral(More)
To identify the underlying genetic cause in a consanguineous family with apparently recessively inherited dystonia, we performed genome-wide homozygosity mapping. This revealed 2 candidate regions including the THAP1 gene, where heterozygous mutations cause dystonia 6. A homozygous missense mutation in THAP1 (c.95T>A; p.Leu32His) was found in all 3 affected(More)
The designation, DYT4, was assigned to an Australian family with whispering dysphonia. The role of known causes of dystonia has not been comprehensively investigated in this family, nor has the possible relationship with Wilson disease (WND) in 2 siblings. Eighteen family members were neurologically examined, and DNA samples were obtained. Linkage analysis(More)
Mutations in LRRK2 (leucine-rich repeat kinase 2) have been associated with autosomal dominant Parkinson's disease (PD) and cluster in several 3' exons of the gene. The majority of mutations have been detected in late-onset cases (age at onset >50 years). We screened 5 of the 51 exons of LRRK2 that previously have been reported to harbor mutations in 98(More)