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BACKGROUND Established risk factors for pancreatic cancer include smoking, long-standing diabetes, high body fatness, and chronic pancreatitis, all of which can be characterised by aspects of inflammatory processes. However, prospective studies investigating the relation between inflammatory markers and pancreatic cancer risk are scarce. METHODS We(More)
Obesity, a major risk factor for endometrial cancer, is a low-grade inflammatory state characterized by elevated concentrations of cytokines and acute phase reactants. The current study had two aims: first to investigate the associations of C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin 6 (IL6), and IL1 receptor antagonist (IL1Ra) with endometrial cancer risk and(More)
BACKGROUND Insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and their binding proteins (BPs) regulate cell differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis, and may have a role in the aetiology of various cancers. Information on their role in pancreatic cancer is limited and was examined here in a case-control study nested within the European Prospective Investigation into(More)
BACKGROUND Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) are promising antineoplastic agents, but their precise mechanisms of actions are not well understood. In particular, the relevance of p53 for HDACi-induced effects has not been fully elucidated. We investigated the anticancer effects of four structurally distinct HDACi, vorinostat, entinostat, apicidin and(More)
The objective was to identify proteins differentially expressed in vaginal cancer to elucidate relevant cancer-related proteins. A total of 16 fresh-frozen tissue biopsies, consisting of 5 biopsies from normal vaginal epithelium, 6 from primary vaginal carcinomas and 5 from primary cervical carcinomas, were analysed using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis(More)
BACKGROUND Cytology-based diagnostics of squamous cervical cancer (SCC) precursor lesions is subjective and can be improved by objective markers. METHODS IHC-based analysis of ANXA6, HSP27, peroxiredoxin 2 (PRDX2), NCF2, and tropomyosin 4 (TPM4) during SCC carcinogenesis. RESULTS Expression of ANXA6, HSP27, PRDX2, and NCF2 in the cytoplasm of dysplastic(More)
BACKGROUND Genomic stability is one of the crucial prognostic factors for patients with endometrioid endometrial cancer (EEC). The impact of genomic stability on the tumour tissue proteome of EEC is not yet well established. METHODS Tissue lysates of EEC, squamous cervical cancer (SCC), normal endometrium and squamous cervical epithelium were subjected to(More)
Sensitive and specific assessment of the hepatic graft metabolism after liver transplantation (LTX) is essential for early detection of postoperative dysfunction implying the need for consecutive therapeutic interventions. Here, we assessed circulating liver metabolites of the cholesterol pathway, amino acids and acylcarnitines and evaluated their(More)
BACKGROUND The liver plays a key role in amino acid metabolism. In former studies, a ratio between branched-chain and aromatic amino acids (Fischer's ratio) revealed associations with hepatic encephalopathy. Furthermore, low concentrations of branched-chain amino acids were linked to sarcopenia in literature. Encephalopathy and sarcopenia are known to(More)
Profiling amino acids and acylcarnitines in whole blood spots is a powerful tool in the laboratory diagnosis of several inborn errors of metabolism. Emerging data suggests that altered blood levels of amino acids and acylcarnitines are also associated with common metabolic diseases in adults. Thus, the identification of common genetic determinants for blood(More)