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Prediagnostic endogenous sex steroid hormone levels have well established associations with overall risk of breast cancer. While evidence toward the existence of distinct subtypes of breast cancer accumulates, few studies have investigated the associations of sex steroid hormone levels with risk of hormone receptor [estrogen receptor (ER) and/or(More)
BACKGROUND Most peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) patients have a poor outcome and the identification of prognostic factors at diagnosis is needed. PATIENTS AND METHODS The prognostic impact of total metabolic tumor volume (TMTV0), measured on baseline [(18)F]2-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography, was evaluated in a(More)
BACKGROUND The presence of disseminated tumor cells (DTCs) in bone marrow of patients with early breast cancer (EBC) has been correlated with increased risk of metastatic disease or locoregional relapse. Zoledronic acid (ZOL) treatment has reduced DTCs in the bone marrow of patients with EBC in several studies. This controlled study sought to confirm these(More)
Lignans are a group of estrogenic compounds present in plants. Several epidemiological studies proposed that lignans may protect against breast cancer by exerting anticarcinogenic activity. Levels of enterolactone were determined in serum samples of 1,250 cases and 2,164 controls from a large population-based case-control study. We assessed the association(More)
To examine the relationship between exogenous estrogen administration and endometrial cancer, we used data from the Cancer and Steroid Hormone Study, a multicenter, population-based case-control study. Estrogen replacement therapy for greater than or equal to 2 years was associated with an increased risk of both localized and extrauterine cancer (relative(More)
OBJECTIVES The presence of disseminated tumor cells (DTC) in breast cancer patients is associated with poor prognosis. However, there are limited data about the prevalence and prognostic impact of DTC in patients with gynecological tumors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of DTC in the bone marrow (BM) of patients with gynecological(More)
PURPOSE Lignans--plant-derived compounds with estrogen-dependent and -independent anticarcinogenic properties--have been associated with postmenopausal breast cancer risk, but data are limited regarding their effect on survival. Dietary lignans are metabolized to enterolignans, which are subsequently absorbed and become bioavailable. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
Despite progress made in the therapy of solid tumors such as breast cancer, the prognosis of patients even with small primary tumors is still limited by metastatic relapse often long after removal of the primary tumor. Therefore, it has been hypothesized that primary tumors shed tumor cells already at an early stage into the blood circulation. A subset of(More)
Profiling amino acids and acylcarnitines in whole blood spots is a powerful tool in the laboratory diagnosis of several inborn errors of metabolism. Emerging data suggests that altered blood levels of amino acids and acylcarnitines are also associated with common metabolic diseases in adults. Thus, the identification of common genetic determinants for blood(More)