Suseela Srinivasan

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Activated macrophages acquire a proinflammatory (classic) or antiinflammatory (alternative) phenotype that influences atherosclerosis. The present study investigated whether sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), with its known antiinflammatory effects, could regulate the inflammatory phenotype of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated mouse macrophages. Activation of(More)
BACKGROUND The increasing number of transgenic and targeted mutant mice with embryonic cardiac defects has resulted in the need for noninvasive techniques to examine cardiac structure and function in early mouse embryos. We report the first use of a novel 40-MHz ultrasound imaging system in the study of mouse cardiac development in utero. METHODS AND(More)
We have shown that glucose increases monocyte adhesion to human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) in vitro.1 In the present study, we examined mechanisms by which glucose stimulates monocyte:endothelial interactions. HAECs cultured for 7 days in 25 mmol/L glucose had a 2-fold elevation in interleukin-8 (IL-8) secretion over control cells cultured in 5.5(More)
BACKGROUND 12/15-lipoxygenase (12/15-LO) activity leads to the production of the proinflammatory eicosanoids 12-S-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (12SHETE) and 13-S-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid. We have previously shown a 3.5-fold increase in endothelial intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 expression in mice overexpressing the 12/15-LO gene. We examined(More)
OBJECTIVE Endothelial activation and monocyte adhesion to endothelium are key events in inflammation. Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a sphingolipid that binds to G protein-coupled receptors on endothelial cells (ECs). We examined the role of S1P in modulating endothelial activation and monocyte-EC interactions in vivo. METHODS AND RESULTS We injected(More)
BACKGROUND Mice lacking leukocyte type 12/15-lipoxygenase (12/15-LO) show reduced atherosclerosis in several models. 12/15-LO is expressed in a variety of cells, including vascular cells, adipocytes, macrophages, and cardiomyocytes. The purpose of this study was to determine which cellular source of 12/15-LO is important for atherosclerosis. METHODS AND(More)
ATP-binding cassette transporter G1 (ABCG1) effluxes cholesterol from macrophages and plays an important role in pulmonary lipid homeostasis. We hypothesize that macrophages from Abcg1(-/-) mice have increased inflammatory activity, thereby promoting acceleration of pulmonary disease. We herein demonstrate increased numbers of inflammatory cytokines and(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus are at increased risk for the development of atherosclerosis. A pivotal event in the development of atherosclerosis is macrophage foam cell formation. The ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters ABCA1 and ABCG1 regulate macrophage cholesterol efflux and hence play a vital role in macrophage foam cell(More)
Monocyte recruitment and adhesion to vascular endothelium are key early events in atherosclerosis. We examined the role of sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) on modulating monocyte/endothelial interactions in the NOD/LtJ (NOD) mouse model of type 1 diabetes. Aortas from nondiabetic and diabetic NOD mice were incubated in the absence or presence of 100 nmol/L(More)
Atherosclerosis development is accelerated severalfold in patients with Type 2 diabetes. In the initial stages of disease, monocytes transmigrate into the subendothelial space and differentiate into foam cells. Scavenger receptors and ATP binding cassette (ABC) Transporters play an important role in foam cell formation as they regulate the influx and efflux(More)