Susanne Wisén

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Alzheimer disease is a neurological disorder that is characterized by the presence of fibrils and oligomers composed of the amyloid beta (Abeta) peptide. In models of Alzheimer disease, overexpression of molecular chaperones, specifically heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70), suppresses phenotypes related to Abeta aggregation. These observations led to the(More)
Heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) is a highly conserved molecular chaperone that plays multiple roles in protein homeostasis. In these various tasks, the activity of Hsp70 is shaped by interactions with co-chaperones, such as Hsp40. The Hsp40 family of co-chaperones binds to Hsp70 through a conserved J-domain, and these factors stimulate ATPase and(More)
DnaK is a molecular chaperone of Escherichia coli that belongs to a family of conserved 70-kDa heat shock proteins. The Hsp70 chaperones are well known for their crucial roles in regulating protein homeostasis, preventing protein aggregation, and directing subcellular traffic. Given the complexity of functions, a chemical method for controlling the(More)
Nine neurodegenerative disorders are caused by the abnormal expansion of polyglutamine (polyQ) regions within distinct proteins. Genetic and biochemical evidence has documented that the molecular chaperone, heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70), modulates polyQ toxicity and aggregation, yet it remains unclear how Hsp70 might be used as a potential therapeutic(More)
In Saccharomyces cerevisae, expanded polyglutamine (polyQ) fragments are assembled into discrete cytosolic aggregates in a process regulated by the molecular chaperones Hsp26, Hsp70, Hsp90, and Hsp104. To better understand how the different chaperones might cooperate during polyQ aggregation, we used sequential immunoprecipitations and mass spectrometry to(More)
Molecular chaperones, such as heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) and its bacterial ortholog DnaK, play numerous important roles in protein folding. In vitro, this activity can be observed by incubating purified chaperones with denatured substrates and measuring the recovery of properly folded protein. In an effort to rapidly identify small molecules that modify(More)
Molecular chaperones, such as Hsp70 and Hsp90, are responsible for a variety of protective, anti-apoptotic functions. While inhibitors of Hsp90, such as geldanamycin and its derivative 17-AAG, are well known and important anti-cancer leads, Hsp70 has received less attention. Interesting lead candidates for Hsp70 share a dihydropyrimidine core; however, the(More)
Proteins with expanded polyglutamine (polyQ) segments cause a number of fatal neurodegenerative disorders, including Huntington's disease (HD). Previous high-throughput screens in cellular and biochemical models of HD have revealed compounds that mitigate polyQ aggregation and proteotoxicity, providing insight into the mechanisms of disease and leads for(More)
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