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BACKGROUND Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a common medical problem worldwide that demands shared care of general practitioners and cardiologists for concerned patients. In order to improve the cooperation between both medical specialists and to optimize evidence-based care, a treatment pathway for patients with CHD was developed and evaluated in a(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a common medical problem in general practice. Due to its chronic character, shared care of the patient between general practitioner (GP) and cardiologist (C) is required. In order to improve the cooperation between both medical specialists for patients with CHD, a local treatment pathway was developed. The(More)
AIMS Referrals from primary to secondary care may differ regarding motivation and initiative. Previous research on the frequency and variation of referrals has mostly treated referrals as homogeneous. We intended to develop a taxonomy regarding referrals from primary to secondary care in Germany that could support decision making on a macro level. METHODS(More)
Health care professionals tend to advise alcohol dependent patients to quit tobacco consumption only after longer periods of alcohol abstinence. This recommendation reflects concerns that smoking intervention programs may adversely interfere with the outcome of ongoing alcohol detoxification and rehabilitation treatment. However, the issue of appropriate(More)
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