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The Saccharomyces cerevisiae gene SYR2, necessary for growth inhibition by the cyclic lipodepsipeptide syringomycin E, is shown to be required for 4-hydroxylation of long chain bases in sphingolipid biosynthesis. Four lines of support for this conclusion are presented: (a) the predicted Syr2p shows sequence similarity to diiron-binding membrane enzymes(More)
Syringomycin E is an antifungal cyclic lipodepsinonapeptide that inhibits the growth of Saccharomyces cerevisiae by interaction with the plasma membrane. A screen conducted to find the yeast genes necessary for its fungicidal action identified two novel syringomycin E response genes, SYR3 and SYR4. A syr3 mutant allele was complemented by ELO2 and ELO3.(More)
The SEC14 gene in Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes a phosphatidylinositol transfer protein required for secretory protein movement from the Golgi. Mutation of SAC1, a gene of unknown function, restores secretory flow in sec14-1(ts) strains. The existing model for the bypass of the sec14-1(ts) defect by sac1-22 involves stimulation of sphingolipid(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have shown that a minimum of approximately one-third of one normal adrenal gland is required for sufficient adrenocortical stress capacity. Correlation between intraoperative measurement, determination of remnant size by computed tomography (CT), and adrenocortical stress capacity has not been examined so far. METHODS Twenty-two(More)
A 2.5 kb DNA fragment of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae SYR1 gene was cloned by complementation of the syr1 mutations that simultaneously lead to resistance to the phytotoxin syringomycin and sensitivity of growth to high Ca2+ concentrations. Sequencing of this fragment revealed a single open reading frame encoding a polypeptide of 365 amino acids. Four(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae genes encoding functions necessary for inhibition by the Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae cyclic lipodepsipeptide, syringomycin-E, were identified by mutant analyses. Syringomycin-E-resistant mutants were isolated, shown to contain single recessive mutations, and divided into eight gene complementation groups. Representative(More)
BACKGROUND Adiponectin and leptin are adipose tissue-derived hormones, shown to have opposing associations with the metabolic syndrome and coronary heart disease (CHD). This study evaluated the association between the leptin/adiponectin ratio and the components of the metabolic syndrome in a cohort with CHD. Methods and results This cross-sectional study(More)
Syringomycin E is an antifungal cyclic lipodepsinonapeptide produced by Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae. To understand the mechanism of action of syringomycin E, a novel resistant Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain, BW7, was isolated and characterized. Lipid analyses revealed that BW7 contained only the hydrophobic subspecies of sphingolipids that are(More)
Two young men developed nephrotic syndrome associated with Hodgkin's lymphoma and progressive renal failure. After a short course of hemodialysis with blood transfusion, each received a cadaveric renal transplant. During the postoperative period, chemotherapy (MOPP) was given. No transplant rejection episodes were diagnosed. The patients, who live normal(More)
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