Susanne Schmitz

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Gammadelta T cells are a potent source of innate IL-17A and IFN-gamma, and they acquire the capacity to produce these cytokines within the thymus. However, the precise stages and required signals that guide this differentiation are unclear. Here we show that the CD24(low) CD44(high) effector gammadelta T cells of the adult thymus are segregated into two(More)
mAb targeting the gammadelta TCR have been used for gammadelta T-cell depletion with varying success. Although the depletion-capacity of the anti-gammadelta TCR mAb clone GL3 has been disputed repeatedly, many groups continue to use gammadelta T-cell depletion protocols involving the mAb clone UC7-13D5 and find significant biological effects. We show here(More)
Induced antigen-specific Foxp3(+) T cells (iTreg) are being discussed as a promising alternative to polyclonal natural Foxp3(+) T cells (nTreg) for cell-based therapies, particularly to achieve transplantation tolerance. Using Foxp3eGFP-reporter mice, we here establish an efficient protocol to induce and expand alloantigen-specific iTreg from Foxp3(-)CD4(+)(More)
Estimates of relative efficacy between alternative treatments are crucial for decision making in health care. Bayesian mixed treatment comparison models provide a powerful methodology to obtain such estimates when head-to-head evidence is not available or insufficient. In recent years, this methodology has become widely accepted and applied in economic(More)
Weight changes are common in aging and Alzheimer's disease (AD) and postmortem findings suggest a relation between lower body mass index (BMI) and increased AD brain pathology. In the current multicenter study, we tested whether lower BMI is associated with higher core AD brain pathology as assessed by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)-based biological markers of(More)
Differentiation of T helper 17 cells (Th17) is a multistep process that involves the cytokines IL-6, TGF-β, and IL-23 as well as IL-1β, IL-21, and TNF-α. Thereby, robust induction of the capacity to produce IL-17 involves epigenetic modifications of the syntenic Il17a/f locus. Using inbred mouse strains, we identified co-regulation of gene transcription at(More)
Dominant tolerance to self-antigen requires the presence of sufficient numbers of CD4(+) Foxp3(+) Treg cells with matching antigen specificity. However, the size and role of TCR repertoire diversity for antigen-specific immuno-regulation through Treg cells is not clear. Here, we developed and applied a novel high-throughput (HT) TCR sequencing approach to(More)
BACKGROUND A number of tumour necrosis factor α (TNFα) antagonists (anti-TNFα) are available to treat rheumatoid arthritis. All of these have demonstrated considerable efficacy in placebo controlled trials, but few head-to-head comparisons exist to date. This work's objective is to estimate the relative efficacy among licensed anti-TNFs in patients who have(More)
Circulating adult CD34(+)VEGFR2(+) endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) have been shown to differentiate into endothelial cells, thus contributing to vascular homeostasis. Furthermore, a subset of circulating CD14(+) monocytes coexpresses CD16 together with the angiopoietin receptor Tie2 and has been functionally implicated in tumor angiogenesis. However,(More)
We examined the relationship between physicochemical indicators and somatic cells in the milk of dairy cows during experimentally induced mastitis and their significance as indicators for use in controlling udder health. We were concerned particularly with the effect of alveolar milk ejection on the sensitivity of these indicators. In Expt 1, Escherichia(More)