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PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to identify the causative gene defect in two siblings with an uncharacterized cone-rod dysfunction and to describe the clinical characteristics. METHODS Genome-wide homozygosity mapping, with a 250K SNP-array followed by a search for candidate genes, was performed. The patients underwent ophthalmic examination,(More)
PURPOSE To determine the genetic defect and to describe the clinical characteristics in a cohort of mainly nonconsanguineous cone-rod dystrophy (CRD) patients. METHODS One hundred thirty-nine patients with diagnosed CRD were recruited. Ninety of them were screened for known mutations in ABCA4, and those carrying one or two mutations were excluded from(More)
Retinitis pigmentosa (RP), the most common form of inherited retinal degeneration, is clinically and genetically heterogeneous and can appear as syndromic or non-syndromic. Mucopolysaccharidosis type IIIC (MPS IIIC) is a lethal disorder, caused by mutations in the heparan-alpha-glucosaminide N-acetyltransferase (HGSNAT) gene and characterized by progressive(More)
PURPOSE Achromatopsia (ACHM) is a congenital autosomal recessive cone disorder with a presumed stationary nature and only a few causative genes. Animal studies suggest that ACHM may be a good candidate for corrective gene therapy. Future implementation of this therapy in humans requires the presence of viable cone cells in the retina. In this study the(More)
Hereditary cone disorders (CDs) are characterized by defects of the cone photoreceptors or retinal pigment epithelium underlying the macula, and include achromatopsia (ACHM), cone dystrophy (COD), cone-rod dystrophy (CRD), color vision impairment, Stargardt disease (STGD) and other maculopathies. Forty-two genes have been implicated in non-syndromic(More)
Cone photoreceptor disorders form a clinical spectrum of diseases that include progressive cone dystrophy (CD) and complete and incomplete achromatopsia (ACHM). The underlying disease mechanisms of autosomal recessive (ar)CD are largely unknown. Our aim was to identify causative genes for these disorders by genome-wide homozygosity mapping. We investigated(More)
Achromatopsia (ACHM) is an autosomal-recessive retinal dystrophy characterized by color blindness, photophobia, nystagmus, and severely reduced visual acuity. Its prevalence has been estimated to about 1 in 30,000 individuals. Four genes, GNAT2, PDE6C, CNGA3, and CNGB3, have been implicated in ACHM, and all encode functional components of the(More)
Recent studies have established ciliary dysfunction as the underlying cause of a broad range of multi-organ phenotypes, known as 'ciliopathies'. Ciliopathy-associated proteins have a common site of action in the cilium, however, their overall importance for ciliary function differs, as implied by the extreme variability in ciliopathy phenotypes. The aim of(More)
Defective primary ciliogenesis or cilium stability forms the basis of human ciliopathies, including Joubert syndrome (JS), with defective cerebellar vermis development. We performed a high-content genome-wide small interfering RNA (siRNA) screen to identify genes regulating ciliogenesis as candidates for JS. We analyzed results with a supervised-learning(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether the major achromatopsia genes (CNGA3 and CNGB3) play a role in the cause of progressive cone dystrophy (CD). DESIGN Prospective multicenter study. PARTICIPANTS Probands (N = 60) with autosomal recessive (ar) CD from various ophthalmogenetic clinics in The Netherlands. METHODS All available ophthalmologic data from the(More)