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In a prospective study, the clinical value of transoesophageal two-dimensional echocardiography (TOE) as compared with transthoracic two-dimensional echocardiography (TTE) was determined in patients with suspected infective endocarditis. Ninety-six patients were studied consecutively with an electronic sector scanner using 2.25 and 3.5 MHz probes for TTE(More)
We evaluated the hypothesis that stunning swine myocardium with brief ischemia reduces oxygen demand in the stunned region and increases tolerance of myocardium to longer periods of ischemia. Wall function was quantified with ultrasonic crystals aligned to measure wall thickening, and stunning was achieved with two cycles of left anterior descending(More)
Transoesophageal echocardiography is invaluable clinically since it accurately images abscess cavities or aneurysms. It provides the information about the site and extension of abscesses which is needed by surgeons to time and define surgical intervention. Early diagnosis is advantageous, and abscesses should be expected in 5%-30% of patients with(More)
The outcome of infective endocarditis remains poor. It has an overall mortality of around 30%, rising in high-risk subgroups to 50% and 100%. The prognosis can be improved by identification of high-risk patients and special management. Patients with infective endocarditis are found to be at high risk for death or serious complications when one or more of(More)
Infective endocarditis is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, with valvular destruction and congestive heart failure being more common in patients with echocardiographically discernible vegetations. The transoesophageal approach affords consistently high quality images with excellent structural resolution. Two-hundred and eighty-one(More)
The object of the study was to follow patients with endocarditis-associated abscesses in order to evaluate the clinical outcome with and without surgical intervention. Transesophageal echocardiography successfully displayed the location and extent of abscess cavities in 14 patients (group A) with aortic valve endocarditis. The infective process was limited(More)
The diagnostic value of transesophageal echocardiography in monitoring the clinical course has been evaluated in 83 patients with echocardiographic evidence of infective endocarditis. A total of 103 vegetations attached to the aortic or mitral valves were detected by use of the transesophageal approach. The patients were monitored for a mean of 74 weeks and(More)
BACKGROUND Infective endocarditis is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, with valvular destruction, and with congestive heart failure. Embolic events are more common in patients with echocardiographically discernible vegetations, especially when vegetations are > 10 mm in diameter. HYPOTHESIS The objective of the study was to follow(More)
Infective endocarditis is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Valvular destruction and congestive heart failure are more common in patients with echocardiographically detectable vegetations. In addition, spontaneous platelet aggregation is increased when vegetations are present on cardiac valves. The aim of the study was to assess the(More)
Transesophageal echocardiography has been proven to be of particular value in all patients with transthoracic echocardiograms of low quality related to pulmonary emphysema, obesity and chest deformation as well as in intensive care unit patients. Similarly, transesophageal Doppler echocardiography is of particular value in all cases in which the(More)