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Symptomatic primary Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection and elevated humoral immune responses to EBV are associated with an increased risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS). We explored mechanisms leading to this change in EBV-specific immunity in untreated patients with MS and healthy virus carriers matched for MS-associated HLA alleles. MS patients(More)
Alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) glutamate receptor antagonists are of potential interest for the treatment of certain acute and chronic neurodegenerative diseases, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Here, we describe the synthesis and pharmacological properties of(More)
EBV is a candidate trigger of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We determined both EBV-specific T cell and B cell responses and cell-associated EBV DNA copies in patients with RA and demographically matched healthy virus carriers. Patients with RA showed increased and broadened IgG responses to lytic and latent EBV-encoded Ags and 7-fold higher levels of EBV copy(More)
Two distantly related, two- to three-year-old male Akita dogs developed partial or complete night blindness which progressed to day blindness. Clinical features were attenuated retinal blood vessels, diffuse exaggerated tapetal reflex, and hyperreflective horizontal lines in the tapetal fundus. The principal histologic change was regional photoreceptor cell(More)
Two unrelated adult dogs developed idiopathic, acute-onset, bilateral total blindness. The ophthalmoscopic changes were minimal and no electroretinographic response could be detected in either dog. The retinas were examined ultrastructurally 10 days (dog 1) and two-and-a-half months (dog 2) after they became blind. There was widespread loss of the outer(More)
The effects of electrical stimulation of medial amygdala on the adrenocortical sensitivity to adrenocorticotrophin (ACTH) were investigated in hypophysectomized rats. The intravenous injection of ACTH increased the rates of 14C transfer from 14C-l-acetate into corticosterone and cortisol in the adrenal slices of hypophysectomized rats. The electrical(More)
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