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The Bothnian Sea in the northerly part of the Baltic Sea is a geologically recent brackish-water environment, and rapid speciation is occurring in the algal community of the Bothnian Sea. We measured low-temperature fluorescence emission spectra from the Bothnian Sea and the Norwegian Sea ecotypes of Fucus vesiculosus L., a marine macroalga widespread in(More)
Energy transfer between photosystem II (PSII) centers is known from previous fluorescence studies. We have studied the theoretical consequences of energetic connectivity of PSII centers on photosynthetic thermoluminescence (TL) and predict that connectivity affects the TL Q band. First, connectivity is expected to make the Q band wider and more symmetric(More)
Evidence has recently been presented that photoinhibition of photosystem II (PSII) is triggered by absorption of light by the oxygen-evolving manganese cluster. To get insight into the effects of light on enzymes containing manganese or other transition metal cofactors, the photosensitivities of Mn catalase, Mn superoxide dismutase, the haem (Fe)-containing(More)
In cyanobacteria, gene expression is regulated mainly at the level of transcription initiation, which is mediated by the RNA polymerase holoenzyme. The RNA polymerase core is catalytically active, while the sigma factor recognizes promoter sequences. Group 2 sigma factors are similar to the principal sigma factor but are nonessential. Group 2 sigma factors(More)
Acclimation of cyanobacteria to environmental changes includes major changes in the gene expression patterns partly orchestrated by the replacement of a particular σ subunit with another in the RNA polymerase holoenzyme. The cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. strain PCC 6803 encodes nine σ factors, all belonging to the σ(70) family. Cyanobacteria typically(More)
Inactivation of the sigC gene (sll0184), encoding the group 2 sigma factor SigC, leads to a heat-sensitive phenotype of Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803. Cells of the DeltasigC strain grew poorly at 43 degrees C at pH 7.5 under ambient CO(2) conditions. Addition of inorganic carbon in the form of 3 % CO(2) or use of an alkaline growth medium (pH 8.3) restored the(More)
Sigma factors of RNA polymerase recognize promoters and have a central role in controlling transcription initiation and acclimation to changing environmental conditions. The cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 encodes four non-essential group 2 sigma factors, SigB, SigC, SigD and SigE that closely resemble the essential SigA factor. Three out of four(More)
The Q band of photosynthetic thermoluminescence, measured in the presence of a herbicide that blocks electron transfer from PSII, is associated with recombination of the S(2)Q(A)(-) charge pair. The same charge recombination reaction can be monitored with chlorophyll fluorescence. It has been shown that the recombination occurs via three competing routes of(More)
The Earth has had a permanently oxic atmosphere only since the great oxygenation event (GOE) 2.3–2.4 billion years ago but recent geochemical research has revealed short periods of oxygen in the atmosphere up to a billion years earlier before the permanent oxygenation. If these “whiffs” of oxygen truly occurred, then oxygen-evolving (proto)cyanobacteria(More)
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