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The surface-bound ActA polypeptide of the intracellular bacterial pathogen Listeria monocytogenes is the sole listerial factor needed for recruitment of host actin filaments by intracellularly motile bacteria. Here we report that following Listeria infection the host vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP), a microfilament- and focal(More)
The ability of Listeria monocytogenes to move within the cytosol of infected cells and their ability to infect adjacent cells is important in the development of infection foci leading to systemic disease. Interaction with the host cell microfilament system, particularly actin, appears to be the basis for propelling the bacteria through the host cell(More)
TRANSPATH is a database system about gene regulatory networks that combines encyclopedic information on signal transduction with tools for visualization and analysis. The integration with TRANSFAC, a database about transcription factors and their DNA binding sites, provides the possibility to obtain complete signaling pathways from ligand to target genes(More)
TRANSPATH is a database about signal transduction events. It provides information about signaling molecules, their reactions and the pathways these reactions constitute. The representation of signaling molecules is organized in a number of orthogonal hierarchies reflecting the classification of the molecules, their species-specific or generic features, and(More)
BACKGROUND Several intracellular pathogens, including Listeria monocytogenes, use components of the host actin-based cytoskeleton for intracellular movement and for cell-to-cell spread. These bacterial systems provide relatively simple model systems with which to study actin-based motility. Genetic analysis of L. monocytogenes led to the identification of(More)
Listeria monocytogenes, a facultative intracellular pathogen, employs actin and other microfilament-associated proteins to move through the host cell cytoplasm. Isogenic mutants of L. monocytogenes lacking the surface-bound ActA polypeptide no longer interact with cytoskeletal elements and are, as a consequence, non-motile (Domann et al., 1992, EMBO J., 11,(More)
The recruitment of actin to the surface of intracellular Listeria monocytogenes and subsequent tail formation is dependent on the expression of the bacterial surface protein ActA. Of the different functional domains of ActA identified thus far, the N-terminal region is absolutely required for actin filament recruitment and intracellular motility. Mutational(More)
Conventional kinesins are molecular motors that move towards the plus end of microtubules. In animal species, they have been shown to be remarkably conserved in terms of both their primary sequence and several physiological properties, including their velocity of movement. Here we report the cloning of Synkin, a homologue of conventional kinesin from the(More)
UNLABELLED TRANSPATH is an information system on gene-regulatory pathways, and an extension module to the TRANSFAC database system (Wingender et al., Nucleic Acids Res., 28, 316-319, 2000). It focuses on pathways involved in the regulation of transcription factors in different species, mainly human, mouse and rat. Elements of the relevant signal(More)
TRANSPATH can either be used as an encyclopedia, for both specific and general information on signal transduction, or can serve as a network analyser. Therefore, three modules have been created: the first one is the data, which have been manually extracted, mostly from the primary literature; the second is PathwayBuilder, which provides several different(More)