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The organization of chromatin into higher-order structures influences chromosome function and epigenetic gene regulation. Higher-order chromatin has been proposed to be nucleated by the covalent modification of histone tails and the subsequent establishment of chromosomal subdomains by non-histone modifier factors. Here we show that human SUV39H1 and murine(More)
Histone H3 lysine 9 methylation has been proposed to provide a major "switch" for the functional organization of chromosomal subdomains. Here, we show that the murine Suv39h histone methyltransferases (HMTases) govern H3-K9 methylation at pericentric heterochromatin and induce a specialized histone methylation pattern that differs from the broad H3-K9(More)
p53, the tumour suppressor and transcriptional activator, is regulated by numerous post-translational modifications, including lysine methylation. Histone lysine methylation has recently been shown to be reversible; however, it is not known whether non-histone proteins are substrates for demethylation. Here we show that, in human cells, the histone(More)
Specific sites of lysine methylation on histones correlate with either activation or repression of transcription. The tumour suppressor p53 (refs 4-7) is one of only a few non-histone proteins known to be regulated by lysine methylation. Here we report a lysine methyltransferase, Smyd2, that methylates a previously unidentified site, Lys 370, in p53. This(More)
The development of multi-cellular organisms is regulated by the ordered definition of gene expression programmes that govern cell proliferation and differentiation. Although differential gene activity is mainly controlled by transcription factors, it is also dependent upon the underlying chromatin structure, which can stabilize transcriptional "on" or "off"(More)
Oscillating cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (Cdk1) activity is the major regulator of cell-cycle progression, whereas the Aurora B kinase, as part of the chromosome passenger complex (CPC), controls critical aspects of mitosis such as chromosome condensation and biorientation on the spindle. How these kinases mechanistically coordinate their important functions(More)
Sirtuin 2 (SIRT2) is an NAD-dependent deacetylase known to regulate microtubule dynamics and cell cycle progression. SIRT2 has also been implicated in the pathology of cancer, neurodegenerative diseases and progeria. Here we show that SIRT2 depletion or overexpression causes nuclear envelope reassembly defects. We link this phenotype to the recently(More)
Higher-order chromatin has been implicated in epigenetic gene control and in the functional organization of chromosomes. We have recently discovered mouse (Suv39h1) and human (SUV39H1) histone H3 lysine 9-selective methyltransferases (Suv39h HMTases) and shown that they modulate chromatin dynamics in somatic cells. We describe here the isolation,(More)
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