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Selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) is widely used to treat spasticity in children with diplegic cerebral palsy (CP) but has never been shown conclusively to improve functional outcome. The study was designed to measure changes in gross motor function in children 1 year following rhizotomy compared with a control group receiving equivalent physiotherapy (PT)(More)
Prosthetic feet have been developed with the intention that they deform during the first half of the stance phase to store energy that can be released at the end of stance and contribute to push-off. The purpose of this study was to examine the three-dimensional kinematics and kinetics of gait and metabolic energy cost in children and adolescents with(More)
The effect of electrically stimulating the tibialis anterior muscle on the stretch reflex of the soleus muscle in normal subjects and subjects with spasticity is investigated. Stimulation of the tibialis anterior just prior to the onset of a mechanical disturbance, which causes a stretch in the soleus, inhibits the stretch reflex of the soleus in normal(More)
A prospective study of 20 normal subjects was undertaken to determine the effect of three ankle positions (active dorsiflexion, active plantar flexion, natural or rest position) on comfort and facilitation of quadriceps contraction in isometric strengthening in a supine position with the hip and knee fully extended. Surface EMG activity was found to be(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate retrospectively the results of radiotherapy for periarthritis of the shoulder METHODS In 1983-2004, 141 patients were treated, all had attended at least one follow-up examination. 19% had had pain for several weeks, 66% for months and 14% for years. Shoulder motility was impaired in 137/140 patients. Nearly all patients had taken(More)
Children with spastic hemiplegia secondary to cerebral palsy show disrupted patterns of work and power in gait. A computer-assisted feedback system was used to deliver EMG feedback from the triceps surae muscle group to walking subjects in conjunction with amplitude and timing targets for muscle relaxation and activation. Biofeedback of triceps surae muscle(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of the Pearson Product-Moment correlation coefficient to quantify muscle coactivation using electromyography. The subjects were two children with spastic diplegia. Surface electrodes were used to record muscle activity from the soleus and tibialis anterior muscles during voluntary attempts at dorsiflexion(More)
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