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Adenovirus (AdV) infection in the course of allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) is associated with high transplant-related morbidity and mortality. Disseminated AdV disease is lethal in most instances. Early detection of AdV infection and identification of patients carrying a high risk of disseminated disease therefore remain a major challenge. In(More)
Clinical presentation and laboratory data are often too unspecific to distinguish the onset or activity of graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) from infections or toxicity. Antigen-presenting cells such as monocytes/macrophages and dendritic cells are involved in GvHD pathogenesis after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). To test whether(More)
Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is a rare X-linked immunodeficiency with microthrombocytopenia, eczema, recurrent infections, autoimmune disorders, and malignancies that are life-threatening in the majority of patients. In this long-term, retrospective, multicenter study, we analyzed events that occurred in 96 WAS patients who received transplants between(More)
Allogeneic hematopoietic SCT (HSCT) has been used as treatment for single patients with autoimmune diseases (AD). To summarise currently available information, we analyzed all patients who underwent allogeneic HSCT for AD and who reported to the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) database. Thirty-five patients receiving 38 allogeneic(More)
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis is a hyperinflammatory syndrome defined by clinical and laboratory criteria. Current criteria were created to identify patients with familial hemophagocytic lmyphohistiocytosis in immediate need of immunosuppressive therapy. However, these criteria also identify patients with infection-associated hemophagocytic(More)
The autoimmune disease immune dysregulation, polyendocrinopathy, enteropathy, X-linked (IPEX) is caused by mutations in the forkhead box protein P3 (FOXP3) gene. In the mouse model of FOXP3 deficiency, the lack of CD4+ CD25+ Tregs is responsible for lethal autoimmunity, indicating that FOXP3 is required for the differentiation of this Treg subset. We show(More)
Adenovirus is an important cause of morbidity and mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and there is no established therapy. Cidofovir has in vitro efficacy against adenovirus. We performed a retrospective analysis of 45 patients treated with cidofovir for adenovirus from 10 centers. In total, 16 patients had definite adenovirus(More)
PURPOSE Although hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation is widely performed in children with high-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the influence of donor types is poorly understood. Thus, transplantation outcomes were compared in the prospective multinational Berlin-Frankfurt-Muenster (BFM) study group trial: ALL-SCT-BFM 2003 (Allogeneic Stem Cell(More)
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNAemia was detected by PCR in 30/125 (24%) consecutive paediatric patients undergoing allogeneic stem cell transplantation. All patients with CMV DNAemia received pre-emptive ganciclovir until two consecutive negative results were obtained. CMV-IgG-positive patients (R+) had a significantly increased risk of DNAemia as compared to(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatic veno-occlusive disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality after haemopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT). We aimed to assess whether defibrotide can reduce the incidence of veno-occlusive disease in this setting. METHODS In our phase 3 open-label, randomised controlled trial, we enrolled patients at 28 European(More)