Susanne Jenni-Eiermann

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Behavioral and physiological responses to unpredictable changes in environmental conditions are, in part, mediated by glucocorticoids (corticosterone in birds). In polymorphic species, individuals of the same sex and age display different heritable melanin-based color morphs, associated with physiological and reproductive parameters and possibly alternative(More)
During long-term fasting at rest, protein utilization is maintained at low levels until it increases at a threshold adiposity. This study examines 1) whether such a shift in energy substrate use also occurs during endurance exercise while fasting, 2) the role of corticosterone, and 3) the adrenocortical response to an acute stressor. Ten species of(More)
Sexual selection theory posits that ornaments can signal the genetic quality of an individual. Eumelanin-based coloration is such an ornament and can signal the ability to cope with a physiological stress response because the melanocortin system regulates eumelanogenesis as well as physiological stress responses. In the present article, we experimentally(More)
1. Small passerine migrants achieve endurance flight while fasting, together with one of the highest mass-specific energy rates. Metabolic responses to flight and fasting were examined in three species of free-living migrants (Sylvia borin, Ficedula hypoleuca, Erithacus rubecula) by measuring plasma concentrations of glucose, uric acid, triglycerides,(More)
This study examines fuel use and metabolism in a group of long-distance migrating birds, red knots Calidris canutus (Scolopacidae), flying under controlled conditions in a wind tunnel for up to 10 h. Data are compared with values for resting birds fasting for the same time. Plasma levels of free fatty acids, glycerol and uric acid were elevated during(More)
Birds may react to the presence of humans with an immediate primary behavioural reaction and with physiological responses, such as the activation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis. This study investigates the suite of behavioural and adrenocortical responses to the presence of humans and to handling in two subspecies of blue tits Parus caeruleus, a(More)
Migration is a key life cycle stage in nearly 2000 species of birds and is a greatly appreciated phenomenon in both cultural and academic arenas. Despite a long research tradition concerning many aspects of migration, investigations of hormonal contributions to migratory physiology and behavior are more limited and represent a comparatively young research(More)
The concentration of circulating glucocorticoids is regulated in response to environmental and endogenous conditions. Total circulating corticosterone, the main glucocorticoid in birds, consists of a fraction which is bound to corticosterone-binding globulins (CBG) and a free fraction. There is increasing evidence that the environment modulates free(More)
Little is known about whether adaptations to an insular life also involve adaptations in basal corticosterone levels or in the adrenocortical stress response, thus being part of a genetically based island syndrome. However, differences in corticosterone between island and mainland may also be a direct phenotypic response to differences in environmental(More)
This study examines metabolic changes occurring during short to endurance flights and during subsequent recovery in free-flying pigeons, in particular the change towards lipid utilization with increasing flight duration, lipid supply to the flight muscles, protein utilization and the time needed to metabolically recover. Eight plasma metabolite(More)