Susanne Heinzel

Learn More
Stochastic variation in cell cycle time is a consistent feature of otherwise similar cells within a growing population. Classic studies concluded that the bulk of the variation occurs in the G1 phase, and many mathematical models assume a constant time for traversing the S/G2/M phases. By direct observation of transgenic fluorescent fusion proteins that(More)
T lymphocytes and B lymphocytes integrate activating signals to control the size of their proliferative response. Here we report that such control was achieved by timed changes in the production rate of cell-cycle-regulating proto-oncoprotein Myc, with division cessation occurring when Myc levels fell below a critical threshold. The changing pattern of the(More)
T-cell responses are initiated upon cognate presentation by professional antigen presenting cells in lymphoid tissue. T cells then migrate to inflamed tissues, but further T-cell stimulation in these parenchymal target sites is not well understood. Here we show that T-cell expansion within inflamed tissues is a distinct phase that is neither a classical(More)
In a search for potentially tumour-specific MHC-class-II-restricted antigens, the immunogenicity of endogenous peptides that had been eluted from HLA-DR molecules of the human melanoma cell line FM3 (HLA-DRB1*02x, DRB1*0401) was tested in vitro. Two 16-mers representing gp100 positions 44–59, and annexin II positions 208–223 bound well to isolated DRB1*0401(More)
1 The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Parkville, VIC, Australia, 2 Department of Medical Biology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, Australia, 3 Guangzhou Institute of Paediatrics, Guangzhou Women and Children’s Medical Centre, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China, 4 Department of Microbiology and Immunology,(More)
In the presence of antigen and costimulation, T cells undergo a characteristic response of expansion, cessation and contraction. Previous studies have revealed that population-level reproducibility is a consequence of multiple clones exhibiting considerable disparity in burst size, highlighting the requirement for single-cell information in understanding(More)
The pro-survival proteins of the BCL-2 family regulate the survival of all cells, and genetic deletion models for these proteins have revealed which specific BCL-2 family member(s) is/are critical for the survival of particular cell types. A1 is a pro-survival BCL-2-like protein that is expressed predominantly in haematopoietic cells, and here we describe(More)
Adaptive immune responses are complex dynamic processes whereby B and T cells undergo division and differentiation triggered by pathogenic stimuli. Deregulation of the response can lead to severe consequences for the host organism ranging from immune deficiencies to autoimmunity. Tracking cell division and differentiation by flow cytometry using fluorescent(More)