Susanne Döll

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A dose response study was carried out with piglets to examine the effects of increasing amounts of Fusarium toxins in the diet on performance, clinical serum characteristics, organ weights and residues of zearalenone (ZON) and deoxynivalenol (DON) and their metabolites in body fluids and tissues. For this purpose, Fusarium toxin contaminated maize (1.2 mg(More)
A dose response study was carried out with pigs in order to examine the effects of increasing dietary deoxynivalenol (DON)-concentrations on performance, clinical serum characteristics, nutrient digestibility and DON-metabolism. For this purpose, wheat contaminated naturally with Fusarium toxins was incorporated into pig diets at increasing proportions to(More)
The in vitro effects of deoxynivalenol (DON), de-epoxy-DON, DON-sulfonate (DONS) and sodium metabisulfite (Na(2)S(2)O(5), SBS) on porcine peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), and on the Intestinal Porcine Epithelial Cell lines IPEC-1 and IPEC-J2 were examined by using the MTT assay. In addition, an uncontaminated and a DON contaminated triticale were(More)
1. A growth experiment was carried out with male broilers from d 1 to d 35 of age in order to evaluate the effects of the addition of a detoxifying agent (Mycofix Plus, Biomin GmbH, Herzogenburg, Austria) at different dietary proportions of wheat (0, 16.5, 33, 49.5 and 66%) contaminated with Fusarium mycotoxins (21.2 mg of deoxynivalenol and 406 microg of(More)
Eleven castrated male pigs weighing 88.1 +/- 3.9 kg on average were adapted to a diet containing DON (4.2 mg DON/kg) over a period of 7 days. Feed was given restrictively with 1.1 kg per meal (two meals per day). On the day of measurement, all pigs were slaughtered at different time intervals following the morning meal containing DON (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8,(More)
A method for the determination of deoxynivalenol (DON) and its metabolite de-epoxy-deoxynivalenol (de-epoxy-DON) in blood serum, urine, faeces/digesta and bile fluid is described. Liquid samples (urine and bile after incubation with ß-glucuronidase) were extracted with ethyl acetate on a ChemElut column. Freeze dried faeces and digesta were extracted with a(More)
The Fusarium toxin deoxynivalenol (DON) often co-occurs along with the acetylated derivatives 3-acetyl-DON and 15-acetyl-DON in diets for ruminants. De-epoxy-DON is formed by rumen micro-organisms, while the acetylated DON derivatives might also undergo ruminal metabolism with de-epoxy-DON as an end product. However, despite the fact that de-epoxy-DON is(More)
Residues of deoxynivalenol (DON) and its metabolite de-epoxy-DON (DOM) were analyzed in specimens of pigs fed diets containing 0, 25, and 50% contaminated wheat (2.5 mg DON/kg) fed as mash or pellets over the final growing period of 11 wk. Median DON concentrations decreased from bile > kidney > serum > liver = muscle, while DOM was only detected in bile(More)
The contamination of cereal grains with toxic secondary metabolites of fungi, mycotoxins, is a permanent challenge in animal nutrition as health and performance of the animals may be compromised as well as the quality of animal derived food. Therefore the present article reviews the issue of mycotoxins in animal nutrition. As the Fusarium toxins(More)
The cytotoxicity of deoxynivalenol (DON) as well as the induction of cytokines and related genes was investigated in porcine pulmonary alveolar macrophages (PAM) in absence or presence of lipopolysaccharides (LPS). IC(20) values were 1.1, 0.4 and 1.0microM DON in the MTT, neutral red and alamar blue assay, respectively, and did not differ significantly in(More)