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OBJECTIVE To describe the effects of URMEL-ICE, a German school-based intervention for overweight prevention, on children's BMI and other measures of fat mass. METHODS A cluster-randomised controlled design was used. The intervention which focused on physical activity, TV time and soft drink consumption was integrated into a second-grade curriculum and(More)
BACKGROUND Increasing prevalences of overweight and obesity in children are known problems in industrialized countries. Early prevention is important as overweight and obesity persist over time and are related with health problems later in adulthood. "Komm mit in das gesunde Boot - Grundschule" is a school-based program to promote a healthier lifestyle.(More)
We investigated the prevalence of overweight and obesity in German schoolchildren and analyzed determinants of overweight. In the context of a randomized intervention study, a baseline cross-sectional assessment was carried out in 2006. During a physical examination, height, weight, skin fold thickness, and upper arm and waist circumferences were measured(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to explore medication adherence among adherent and non-adherent persons suffering from rheumatoid arthritis (RA). A special focus was put on the reasons accounting for successful medication adherence and on potential barriers or facilitating factors. DESIGN A qualitative study with semi-structured interviews was conducted.(More)
Stress can transiently increase motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD), but it is unclear whether other behavioural changes associated with PD are also affected. We found that reaching-grasping was impaired in 19 PD patients compared with 19 matched controls, but these impairments were not amplified by stress. However, patients showed a stress-induced(More)
OBJECTIVE Measuring the impact of the URMEL-ICE school-based overweight prevention programme on anthropometric measures in primary-school children, computing incremental cost-effectiveness relation (ICER) and net monetary benefit (NMB). METHODS This is an intervention study with historical control. Propensity score method is applied to account for group(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the long-term effects of comprehensive outpatient versus inpatient rehabilitation with respect to morbidity and mortality, as well as to changes in physical performance and physical activity. DESIGN A total of 163 consecutive patients were enrolled for comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation (CCR) following a recent coronary event, to(More)
This paper provides a sketch of key research areas within health services research focusing on patient-centredness. The evaluation of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) is increasingly required for evaluating interventions in clinical trials and in routine health care. Often, however, it is un-clear which PROs are best suited for a particular research(More)
The interplay of time-delayed feedback and temporally correlated coloured noise in a single and two coupled excitable systems is studied in the framework of the FitzHugh-Nagumo (FHN) model. By using coloured noise instead of white noise, the noise correlation time is introduced as an additional time scale. We show that in a single FHN system the major time(More)
Physical inactivity is associated with poor physical fitness and increased body weight. This study examined the relationship between participation in organized sports and overweight as well as physical fitness in primary school children in southern Germany. Height, weight, and various components of physical fitness were measured in 995 children (7.6 ± 0.4(More)