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OBJECTIVES The aim of the present study was to evaluate six different implant surface coatings with respect to bone formation. Being major structural components of the extracellular matrix, collagen, the non-collagenous components decorin/chondroitin sulphate (CS) and the growth factors TGF-beta1/BMP-4 served in different combinations as coatings of(More)
Coating of orthopaedic implants with extracellular bone matrix components was performed to enhance bone healing. Titanium pins of 0.8mm diameter were coated with type I collagen (Ti/Coll), RGD peptide (Ti/RGD) or type I collagen and chondroitin sulfate (Ti/Coll/CS). Uncoated pins (Ti) served as control. The pins were inserted as intramedullary nails into(More)
Various studies have shown type I collagen (coll) to increase bone-implant contact (BIC) compared to uncoated implants. The aim of this animal study was to test whether the integration of chondroitin sulphate (CS) and the growth factor rhBMP-4 into a collagenous coating could further increase the measured BIC compared to collagen coated implants alone. The(More)
The purpose of this study was to develop a new apparatus for in vitro studies applying low frequency electrical fields to cells without interfering side effects like biochemical reactions or magnetic fields which occur in currently available systems. We developed a non-invasive method by means of the principle of transformer-like coupling where the magnetic(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of the present study was to assay how bone formation around dental implants is influenced by differently composed collagen matrices and RGD peptide as implant surface coatings compared to a sandblasted titanium surface. MATERIAL AND METHODS Five different implant surface coatings were designed: titanium (sandblasted), collagen type I,(More)
Glucuronic acid (GlcA) and phosphoserine (pS) carrying acidic functional groups were used as model molecules for glycosaminoglycans and phosphoproteins, respectively to mimic effects of native biomolecules and influence the mineralization behaviour of collagen I. Collagen substrates modified with GlcA showed a stable interaction between GlcA and collagen(More)
The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that immobilization of bone morphogenic protein (BMP2) on the surface of titanium implants can enhance peri-implant bone formation. Ten adult female foxhounds received experimental titanium screw implants in the mandible 3 months after removal of all premolar teeth. Three types of implant surfaces were(More)
In this study, we have demonstrated that the modification of hyaluronan (hyaluronic acid; Hya) with sulfate groups led to different binding affinities for recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-4 (rhBMP-4). The high-sulfated sHya2.8 (average degree of sulfation (D.S.) 2.8) exhibited the tightest interaction with rhBMP-4, followed by the low-sulfated(More)
Construction of biomaterials with the ability to guide cell function is a topic of high interest in biomaterial development. One approach is using components native to the ECM of the target tissue to generate in vitro a microenvironment that can also elicit specific responses in cells and tissues--an artificial ECM (aECM). The focus is on collagen as the(More)
Collagen is used as a scaffold material for tissue engineering as well as a coating material for implants with a view to enhancing osseointegration by mimicry of the bone extracellular matrix in vivo. The biomimicry strategy can be taken further by incorporating the small leucine-rich proteoglycans (SLRPs) decorin and biglycan, which are expressed in bone.(More)