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The effect of dietary guar gum (GG, 7.5%) on lipid metabolism and on bile acid secretion and reabsorption was investigated in rats adapted to cholesterol-free or 0.3% cholesterol diets. Compared with controls (fiber-free/cholesterol-free), rats fed cholesterol had significantly elevated plasma and liver cholesterol and triglyceride. In these rats, GG had a(More)
The availability of fermentable carbohydrates could influence the digestive degradation and disposal of blood urea. The effects of a poorly fermented cellulosic oat fiber, a soluble fermentable fiber (gum arabic) or one of two oligosaccharides (fructooligosaccharide or xylooligosaccharide) on nitrogen excretion were compared with a wheat starch-based(More)
This study was conducted to study digestion in rats of a diet containing soybean fiber (chiefly hemicellulose). The animals were first fed a fiber-free high starch diet for 7 d before receiving a 30% soybean fiber diet. There was a progressive change in the cecal pool of volatile fatty acids (VFA), up to approximately 1000 mumol, due to the enlargement of(More)
The effect of different polysaccharides fermented in the large intestine and liable to lower plasma cholesterol was investigated in rats. Male rats were assigned to one of five treatment groups: control diet or a diet containing pectin, guar gum, gum arabic or beta-cyclodextrin. The four compounds were effectively fermented, yielding cecal short-chain fatty(More)
Several antioxidants inhibit atherosclerosis. This study investigated the hypothesis that combining vitamin E, a lipophilic antioxidant, with vitamin C, a hydrophilic antioxidant, and/or selenium, a cofactor of peroxidases that detoxify lipid peroxides, would inhibit atherosclerosis more effectively than vitamin E alone. We also considered whether regional(More)
Chronic diseases develop in susceptible individuals following exposure to environmental conditions including high fat diets. Inbred strains of mice differing in susceptibility to atherosclerosis, diabetes, obesity and certain cancers are models for understanding the genetic basis and molecular mechanisms whereby diet influences these polygenic and(More)
The effects of (n-3) fatty acids on the postprandial state were investigated by monitoring the alimentary responses to identical test meals fed to adults [n = 11; fasting triacylglycerol (TG) 2.55 +/- 0.24 mmol/L; mean +/- SEM] after a self-selected diet baseline period (BLP) and then after a 6-wk (n-3) fatty acid period (FOP) [ approximately 5.2 g (n-3)(More)
The effects of consuming a liquid formula containing either fish oil enriched in omega-3 fatty acids or vegetable oil enriched in oleic acid was evaluated in 20 male subjects randomly allocated into two groups over a 42-d period. A decrease in collagen-induced aggregation by using washed platelet suspensions was found in both groups after nutritional(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether the addition of soy protein and guar gum to the American Heart Association (AHA) Step I diet would increase its efficacy compared with the typical "Average American Diet" (AAD) in a non-human primate model. Twenty adult female cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) were fed one of three diets for 6 wk. The(More)
We considered the hypothesis that antioxidant supplementation that increases aortic antioxidant concentrations would reduce autoantibody titer to MDA-LDL, a measure that may indicate in vivo oxidation. We assessed autoantibody titer to MDA-LDL in rabbits before and after 5 months of treatment with a nutritionally adequate hypercholesterolemic diet alone(More)