Susanne B. Nicholas

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As end-stage renal disease (ESRD) has a four times higher incidence in African Americans compared to European Americans, we hypothesized that susceptibility alleles for ESRD have a higher frequency in the West African than the European gene pool. We carried out a genome-wide admixture scan in 1,372 ESRD cases and 806 controls and found a highly significant(More)
RATIONALE Diabetes mellitus is frequently complicated by cardiovascular disease, such as vascular calcification and endothelial dysfunction, which have been associated with bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs). OBJECTIVE To determine whether hyperglycemia in vitro and diabetes in vivo promote vascular BMP activity and correlate with vascular calcification.(More)
OBJECTIVE Diabetic nephropathy, the most common cause of end-stage renal disease, aggregates in families and specific ethnic groups. Deconstructing diabetic nephropathy into intermediate, quantitative phenotypes may increase feasibility of detecting susceptibility loci by genetic screens. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR), which characterizes diabetic(More)
The Family Investigation of Nephropathy and Diabetes (FIND) was initiated to map genes underlying susceptibility to diabetic nephropathy. A total of 11 centers participated under a single collection protocol to recruit large numbers of diabetic sibling pairs concordant and discordant for diabetic nephropathy. We report the findings from the first-phase(More)
BACKGROUND Tubulo-interstitial nephropathy (TIN) is a common cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Consumption of an adenine-containing diet causes the accumulation of 2,8-dihydroxyadenine in the renal tubules triggering intense chronic TIN and progressive CKD in rats. CKD in this model is associated with, and largely driven by, oxidative stress and(More)
Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is an important developmental process, participates in tissue repair, and occurs during pathologic processes of tumor invasiveness, metastasis, and tissue fibrosis. The molecular mechanisms leading to EMT are poorly understood. Although it is well documented that transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta plays a(More)
P:eroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) is a novel nuclear receptor, which enhances insulin-mediated glucose uptake. Ligands to PPARgamma are currently used as therapy for type II diabetes. Using Western blot analysis, RNase protection assay, and immunostaining, we identified the presence of PPARgamma message and protein in cultured(More)
BACKGROUND Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is increased in kidneys of humans and animals with diabetic nephropathy and is associated with extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation. PAI-1 may promote ECM buildup by preventing plasmin and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activation. However, the importance and mechanism of PAI-1 action in the(More)
BACKGROUND African Americans have increased susceptibility to nondiabetic nephropathy relative to European Americans. STUDY DESIGN Follow-up of a pooled genome-wide association study (GWAS) in African American dialysis patients with nondiabetic nephropathy; novel gene-gene interaction analyses. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS Wake Forest sample: 962 African(More)
Many studies have investigated the regulation of the Na+/ Ca2+ exchanger, NCX1, but limited data exist on transcriptional regulation of the NCX1 gene. We have identified the transcription start sites of three tissue-specific alternative promoters of NCX1 transcripts from rat heart, kidney, and brain. We have characterized the cardiac NCX1 promoter, from(More)