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The application of an automatic sleep spindle detection procedure allowed the documentation of the topographic distribution of spindle characteristics, such as number, amplitude, frequency and duration, as a function of sleep depth and of recording time. Multichannel all-night EEG recordings were performed in 10 normal healthy subjects aged 20-35 years.(More)
UNLABELLED [123I]beta-carbomethoxy-3-beta-(4-iodophenyl)-tropane (CIT) is a useful ligand for dopamine transporters (DATs) and serotonin transporters (5-HTTs). Previous SPECT studies have shown a state of sustained equilibrium in the striatum on day 2 after injection that allows quantification of striatal DATs using a simple ratio of(More)
Differentiation between Parkinson's disease (PD) and other neurodegenerative disorders with parkinsonian features, such as multiple system atrophy (MSA), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), and corticobasal degeneration (CBD), is difficult on clinical grounds. We studied the pattern of dopaminergic degeneration in 18 patients with probable MSA, 8 patients(More)
Fourteen drug-naive and 11 levodopa-treated patients with idiopathic restless legs syndrome (RLS), and 10 controls age-matched to each RLS group separately were examined with polysomnography (PSG), [(123)I]-(N)-(3-iodopropen-2-yl)-2beta-carbomethoxy-3beta-(4-chlorophenyl) tropane ((123)I-IPT) SPECT, and(More)
The cocaine analogue 2-beta-carbomethoxy-3-beta-(4-iodophenyl)-tropane (beta-CIT) is a potent ligand for both dopamine- and serotonin uptake sites which in its 123I labeled form can be used for single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT). It was demonstrated previously by SPECT-studies in non-human primates that 123I-beta-CIT binds to dopamine(More)
Escitalopram the S-enantiomer of the racemate citalopram, is clinically more effective than citalopram in the treatment of major depressive disorder. However, the precise mechanism by which escitalopram achieves superiority over citalopram is yet to be determined. It has been hypothesized that the therapeutically inactive R-enantiomer competes with the(More)
BACKGROUND Impaired serotonin transmission has been implicated in the pathophysiology of eating disorders. We investigated the in vivo availability of brain serotonin transporters and dopamine transporters in bulimia nervosa patients. METHODS Approximately 24 hours after injection of [123I]-2beta-carbomethoxy-3beta-(4-iodophenyl)tropane ([123I] beta-CIT),(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous findings indicate alterations in brain serotonin systems in seasonal affective disorder (SAD). [(123)I]-2-beta-carbomethoxy-3-beta-(4-iodophenyl)-tropane ([(123)I]-beta-CIT) labels serotonin transporters (5-HTTs) in the midbrain. We performed a [(123)I]-beta-CIT single photon emission computer tomography (SPECT) study under the(More)
INTRODUCTION Dopamine is one among several neurotransmitters that regulate food intake and overeating. Thus, it has been linked to the pathophysiology of obesity and high body mass index (BMI). Striatal dopamine D(2) receptor availability is lower in obesity and there are indications that striatal dopamine transporter (DAT) availability is also decreased.(More)
We explored the relationship between striatal dopamine-2 (D(2)) receptor occupancy and extra-pyramidal symptoms (EPS) in bipolar patients receiving olanzapine. Seventeen patients with a DSM-IV diagnosis of bipolar disorder were treated with 5-45 mg/day olanzapine for at least 14 days. After that period, D(2) receptor occupancy was determined using(More)