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UNLABELLED [123I]beta-carbomethoxy-3-beta-(4-iodophenyl)-tropane (CIT) is a useful ligand for dopamine transporters (DATs) and serotonin transporters (5-HTTs). Previous SPECT studies have shown a state of sustained equilibrium in the striatum on day 2 after injection that allows quantification of striatal DATs using a simple ratio of(More)
The application of an automatic sleep spindle detection procedure allowed the documentation of the topographic distribution of spindle characteristics, such as number, amplitude, frequency and duration, as a function of sleep depth and of recording time. Multichannel all-night EEG recordings were performed in 10 normal healthy subjects aged 20-35 years.(More)
The cocaine derivative [123I] beta-CIT binds with high affinity to dopamine uptake sites in the striatum and can be used to visualize dopaminergic nerve terminals in vivo in the human brain with SPECT. It has been validated that the calculation of a simple ratio of specific/nondisplaceable binding during a period of binding-equilibrium in the striatum about(More)
We investigated whether [(123)I]-beta-CIT and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging distinguishes patients with clinically suspected vascular parkinsonism (VP) from patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD). [(123)I]beta-CIT SPECT is a sensitive marker of dopaminergic degeneration, and the degree of striatal binding reduction in(More)
Seventeen psychiatric patients (11 with schizophrenia, 5 with other psychotic disorders, and 1 with obsessive-compulsive disorder) were examined by single photon emission computed tomography with 123I-iodobenzamide (IBZM) as tracer. Patients were treated with risperidone in two different dosage groups (3 mg and 8 mg) and haloperidol (10-20 mg) and compared(More)
Differentiation between Parkinson's disease (PD) and other neurodegenerative disorders with parkinsonian features, such as multiple system atrophy (MSA), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), and corticobasal degeneration (CBD), is difficult on clinical grounds. We studied the pattern of dopaminergic degeneration in 18 patients with probable MSA, 8 patients(More)
1 Nuclear Medicine Division, Mont-Godinne Medical Center, University Catholique de Louvain, Louvain, Belgium 2 Department of Neurology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria 3 Department of Nuclear Medicine, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany 4 Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Section of Psychiatry, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm,(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous findings indicate alterations in brain serotonin systems in seasonal affective disorder (SAD). [(123)I]-2-beta-carbomethoxy-3-beta-(4-iodophenyl)-tropane ([(123)I]-beta-CIT) labels serotonin transporters (5-HTTs) in the midbrain. We performed a [(123)I]-beta-CIT single photon emission computer tomography (SPECT) study under the(More)
Escitalopram is a dual serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) approved for the treatment of depression and anxiety disorders. It is the S-enantiomer of citalopram, and is responsible for the serotonin reuptake activity, and thus for its pharmacological effects. Previous studies pointed out that clinically efficacious doses of other SSRIs produce an occupancy(More)