Susanne A. Bengesser

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OBJECTIVE The assessment of response to lithium maintenance treatment in bipolar disorder (BD) is complicated by variable length of treatment, unpredictable clinical course, and often inconsistent compliance. Prospective and retrospective methods of assessment of lithium response have been proposed in the literature. In this study we report the key(More)
BACKGROUND Hitherto literature indicates that mood stabilizers exert variable effects on oxidative and antioxidative systems, which are involved in the pathogenesis of Bipolar Disorder. Herein we primarily sought to characterize markers of peripheral oxidative stress during euthymia in adults with Bipolar Disorder under current intake of different mood(More)
BACKGROUND Lithium is a first-line treatment in bipolar disorder, but individual response is variable. Previous studies have suggested that lithium response is a heritable trait. However, no genetic markers of treatment response have been reproducibly identified. METHODS Here, we report the results of a genome-wide association study of lithium response in(More)
A few weeks after suffering from a basal ganglia infarction (globus pallidus) with left-sided hemiplegia, a 23-year-old woman exhibited for the first time a pronounced mania with self-endangerment. The use of oral contraceptives was the only determinable risk factor. During the further course, the mother also developed a depressive disorder. Thus a certain(More)
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a genetically complex mental illness characterized by severe oscillations of mood and behaviour. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified several risk loci that together account for a small portion of the heritability. To identify additional risk loci, we performed a two-stage meta-analysis of >9 million genetic(More)
Overweight and obesity differentially affect bipolar disorder (BD) and are associated with a poorer prognosis. Herein, we sought to evaluate body fat distribution in a well-characterized BD sample. Anthropometric measures (i.e., body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio, waist-to-height ratio, waist circumference, hip circumference, and lipometry) of 100 BD(More)
OBJECTIVES Overweight/obesity has been implicated to play a role in cognitive deficits in bipolar disorder (BD). This study aims to identify the relationship between body fat distribution and different domains of cognition in BD during euthymia. METHODS A sample of 100 euthymic individuals with BD was measured with a cognitive test battery (i.e., Trail(More)
OBJECTIVES The clock gene ARNTL is associated with the transcription activation of monoamine oxidase A according to previous literature. Thus, we hypothesised that methylation of ARNTL may differ between bipolar disorder (BD) and controls. METHODS The methylation status of one CpG island covering the first exon of ARNTL (PS2) and one site in the 5' region(More)
Bipolar Disorder (BD) is characterized by recurring mood swings, which are not completely understood yet. So far, it is an accepted theory that multiple factors contribute to pathogenesis of BD according to the vulnerability-stressmodel. This model combines on the one hand biological predisposing vulnerability, and on the other hand several chronic and(More)
The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze the concomitant prevalence rates for lactose malabsorption (LM), fructose malabsorption (FM), and histamine intolerance (HI) in patients with so far unexplained gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms. A total of 439 outpatients, who presented unclear abdominal discomfort, underwent lactose (50 g) and fructose (25(More)